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ʻO ka Greenbrier Hotel: ʻO ka wai e ho'ōla i nā mea āpau

Hōkele Hōkele - Na S. Turkiel kiʻi

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka hōkele mua, ʻo Grand Central Hotel, ma kēia kahua i ka makahiki 1858. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo "The White" a ma hope "The Old White." E hoʻomaka ana i ka makahiki 1778, hele mai ka poʻe e hahai i ka moʻomeheu Native American kūloko e "lawe i ka wai" e hoʻihoʻi i ko lākou olakino. I ke kenekulia 19, inu a ʻauʻau ka poʻe malihini i ka wai sulfur e hoʻōla i nā mea āpau mai ka rumatika a hiki i ka ʻōpū ʻeha.

I ka makahiki 1910, ua kūʻai aku ʻo Chesapeake a me Ohio Railway i ka waiwai hoʻokipa kaulana a hoʻomaka i kahi hoʻonui nui. Ma ka makahiki 1913, ua hoʻohui ke alanui kaʻa i ka The Greenbrier Hotel (ke kikowaena o ka hōkele o kēia lā), kahi keʻena ʻauʻau mineral hou (ka hale e komo pū ana ka loko loko nui) a me kahi papa kolepa 18-hole (i kapa ʻia ʻo The Old White Course) i hoʻolālā ʻia. e ka mea kālai kolepa koʻikoʻi o kēia wā, ʻo Charles Blair Macdonald. I ka makahiki 1914, no ka manawa mua, ua wehe ʻia ka hale hoʻokipa, i kapa hou ʻia ʻo The Greenbrier, i kēlā me kēia makahiki. I kēlā makahiki, ua hoʻomaha ka Pelekikena lāua ʻo Mrs. Woodrow Wilson i kā lāua lā hoʻomaha Easter ma The Greenbrier.

Ua ulu nui ka ʻoihana i nā makahiki 1920 a ua kū ʻo The Greenbrier i kona wahi i loko o ka ʻoihana huakaʻi o ka hui kiʻekiʻe e holo ana mai Palm Beach, Florida a Newport, Rhode Island. Ua hoʻohiolo ʻia ka Hotel Old White kahiko i ka makahiki 1922, a ua alakaʻi ʻia i kahi kūkulu hou ʻana o The Greenbrier Hotel i ka makahiki 1930. ʻO kēia hoʻoponopono hou ʻana i pāpālua i ka nui o nā lumi hoʻokipa i ʻelima haneli. Ua hoʻolālā hou ka mea kākau kiʻi ʻo Cleveland ʻo Philip Small i ka puka komo nui o ka hōkele a ua hoʻohui ʻia ʻo ka Mount Vernon-inspired Virginia Wing i ka hema a me ka hōʻailona hōʻailona North Entrance facade. ʻO ka hoʻolālā ʻana o Mr. Small i hui pū ʻia mai nā kumu mōʻaukala Hema o ka hōkele me nā kumu mai ka Old White Hotel.

I ka wā o ke Kaua Honua ʻElua, ua hoʻokaʻawale ke aupuni ʻo ʻAmelika i ka Greenbrier no ʻelua mau hoʻohana like ʻole.

ʻO ka mua, ua hoʻolimalima ka moku'āina i ka hōkele no ʻehiku mahina ma hope koke o ke komo ʻana o ka US i ke kaua. Ua hoʻohana ʻia no ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i nā haneli o nā Kelemania, Iapana, a me Italia a me ko lākou mau ʻohana mai Wakinekona, DC a hiki i ka pau ʻana o kā lākou hoʻololi ʻana i nā diplomats ʻAmelika, e like me ka pae ʻana i nā ʻāina ʻē. I Kepakemapa 1942, ua kūʻai ka US Army i ka Greenbrier a hoʻololi iā ia i ʻelua kaukani moe moe i kapa ʻia ʻo Ashford General Hospital. I loko o nā makahiki ʻehā, ua hoʻokomo ʻia a mālama ʻia nā koa 24,148, ʻoiai ua lawelawe ka hale hoʻomaha i ka hana kaua ma ke ʻano he ʻoki a me ka hoʻoponopono hou ʻana. Ua paipai ʻia nā koa e hoʻohana i nā ʻano haʻuki a me nā keʻena leʻaleʻa o ka hale hoʻokipa ma ke ʻano o kā lākou hana hoʻōla. I ka hopena o ke kaua, ua pani ka pūʻali i ka haukapila.

Ua loaʻa hou i ka Chesapeake a me Ohio Railway ka waiwai mai ke aupuni mai i ka makahiki 1946. Ua kauoha koke ka hui i kahi hoʻoponopono hou o loko e ka mea hoʻolālā kaulana ʻo Dorothy Draper. E like me ka wehewehe ʻana o Architectural Digest iā ia, ʻo Draper "he mea akamai maoli o ka honua hoʻolālā [ka mea] i lilo i mea kaulana i ka manaʻo hou o ka huaʻōlelo, e hana kokoke ana i ke kiʻi o ka mea hoʻonaninani i ka noʻonoʻo kaulana." Ua noho ʻo ia i mea hoʻonaninani o ka hale hoʻokipa i nā makahiki 1960. I kona hoʻomaha ʻana, ua kūʻai ʻo Carleton Varney kāna mea mālama i ka paʻa a lilo ʻo ia ʻo The Greenbrier's decorating consultant.

I ka wehe hou ʻana o The Greenbrier i ka makahiki 1948, ua hoʻi ʻo Sam Snead ma ke ʻano he kolepa pro i ka hōkele kahi i hoʻomaka ai kāna ʻoihana ma ka hopena o ka makahiki 1930. No ʻelua mau makahiki i hala nā makahiki o ke kaua, ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i ka honua ma ka piko o kāna hana lōʻihi. Ma mua o kekahi kanaka ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sam Snead i ke kūlana kaulana o The Greenbrier ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi o nā wahi kolepa mua o ka honua. I nā makahiki i hala, ua koho ʻia ʻo Golf Pro Emeritus, kahi kūlana i mālama ʻia a hiki i kona make ʻana ma Mei 23, 2002.

I ka hopena o 1950s, ua hele hou ke aupuni US i ka Greenbrier no ke kōkua, i kēia manawa i ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi Emergency Relocation Center ̶ he bunker a i ʻole ka hale pahū ̶ e noho ʻia e ka US Congress i ke kaua. Ua kūkulu ʻia i ka wā o ke kaua anuanu a ua hana malū ʻia no 30 mau makahiki, he 112,000 kapuaʻi kapuaʻi ka nui ma lalo o ka lepo, i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻAhaʻōlelo holoʻokoʻa o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka wā o ke kaua nuklea. Ua hoʻomaka ka ʻeli ʻana i ka makahiki 1958 a ua hoʻopau ʻia ke kūkulu ʻana i ka makahiki 1962.

Ma muli o ka ʻaelike huna nui, ua kūkulu ʻia ka Chesapeake a me Ohio Railway i kahi mea hou i ka hale hoʻokipa, ʻo West Virginia Wing a me ka bunker i kūkulu malū ʻia ma lalo o ia.

Me nā pā pōhaku a hiki i ʻelima kapuaʻi ka mānoanoa, ʻo ia ka nui o nā kahua pōpeku ʻelua i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma lalo o ka honua. Ua kūkulu ʻia no ka mālama ʻana i 1100 poʻe: 535 mau senators a me nā ʻelele a me ko lākou mau kōkua. No nā makahiki he 30 e hiki mai ana, ua mālama nā ʻenehana aupuni, e hoʻohālike ana ma ke ʻano he limahana o kahi hui dummy, Forsythe Associates, i ka nānā mau ʻana i ka wahi i kāna kamaʻilio a me nā lako ʻepekema a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā makasina a me nā pepa pepa ma nā wahi hoʻomaha. I kēlā me kēia manawa i kēlā mau makahiki, hoʻokahi kelepona kelepona mai nā luna ma Wakinekona, DC, me ka makaʻu i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ke kapikala, e hoʻohuli i ka hale hoʻokipa i mea komo ikaika i ka ʻōnaehana pale aupuni. I ka pau ʻana o ke Kaua Cold a hoʻoulu ʻia e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka nūpepa ma 1992, ua hoʻopau ʻia ka papahana a ua hoʻopau ʻia ka bunker. Wahi a kahi ʻatikala o Mei 6, 2013, ma ka Wall Street Journal, ua hoʻolālā ka ʻAha Kiekie o ʻAmelika e hoʻoneʻe i ka Grove Park Inn, Asheville, NC i ka wā o kahi hoʻouka kaua nuklea.

I ka honua ʻoi aʻe ma luna o ka bunker, ua hele a maʻamau ke ola Resort i ka hōʻea ʻana o Jack Nicklaus e hoʻolālā hou i ka Greenbrier Course he kanalimakona makahiki, e lawe ana i nā pae hoʻokūkū no ka 1979 Ryder Cup Matches. ʻO ia papa nō ka pūnaewele o ʻekolu mau hoʻokūkū PGA Seniors i nā makahiki 1980 a me ka hoʻokūkū ʻo 1994 Solheim Cup. I ka makahiki 1999, ua ulu ka papa Meadows i ka manawa a Bob Cupp i hana hou ai, hana hou a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka Lakeside Course kahiko, kahi papahana i komo pū me ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka Golf Academy hou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Sam Snead ʻoihana i ka wā e kūkulu hou ʻia ai ka Golf Club me ka hōʻike ʻana i ka hale ʻaina e lawe ana i kona inoa me nā hōʻike maikaʻi o ka hale hōʻikeʻike o nā mea hoʻomanaʻo mai kāna hōʻiliʻili ponoʻī.

Ma kahi hoʻolaha kūkala i ka lā 7 o Mei, 2009, ʻo Jim Justice, kahi mea kālepa ʻo West Virginia me kahi mahalo lōʻihi no The Greenbrier, lilo i mea nona ka hale hoʻokipa nui loa o ʻAmelika. Kūʻai ʻo ia iā ia mai ka CSX Corporation, ma o nā ʻoihana mua o ka Chessie System a me ke Alanui Alanui C&O, nona ia wahi he kanaiwakumamāiwa mau makahiki. Ua hoʻolilo ʻo Mr. Justice i kāna mau ikehu i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻōla hou i ka Resort ʻo ʻAmelika. Ua hōʻike koke ʻo ia i kāna ʻike no kahi casino i hoʻolālā ʻia e Carleton Varney e komo pū ana me nā hale kūʻai, nā hale ʻaina a me nā leʻaleʻa i kahi wahi uahi ʻole. Ua wehe ka Hale Piliwaiwai ma The Greenbrier i ke ʻano nui ma Iulai 2, 2010. I ka manawa like, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Mr. Justice e hoʻoneʻe i kahi hanana PGA Tour i kapa ʻia ʻo The Greenbrier Classic ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a The Greenbrier's Golf Pro Emeritus hou, ʻo Tom Watson. Ua mālama ʻia ka hoʻokūkū mua ma Iulai 26 a i ʻAukake 1, 2010.

He iwakāluakūmāono mau pelekikena i noho ma The Greenbrier. He hale ʻelua papahele ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike o ka Pelekikena me nā hōʻike e pili ana i kēia mau kipa ʻana a me ka moʻolelo o The Greenbrier. Hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ka Greenbrier ma ka National Register of Historic Places a he lālā ʻo ia no nā Hōkele mōʻaukala o ʻAmelika. He Forbes Four-Star a me AAA Five-Diamond Award lanakila.

Hōʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo piha o Greenbrier i nā kikoʻī nui i hoʻohui ʻia e nā kiʻi mai nā waihona waihona o ka hōkele ma The History of The Greenbrier: America's Resort na Dr. Robert S. Conte, ka mea kākau moʻolelo Resident mai ka makahiki 1978.

ʻO Stanley Turkel ua koho ʻia ʻo ia ʻo 2020 Historian of the Year e Historic Hotels of America, ka papahana kūhelu o ka National Trust for Historic Preservation, nona ka inoa i kapa mua ʻia ma 2015 a me 2014. ʻO Turkel ka mea kūkākūkā hōkele nui loa i hoʻolaha ʻia ma United States. Hoʻohana ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana kūkākūkā hōkele ma ke ʻano he mea hōʻike loea i nā hihia pili i ka hōkele, hāʻawi i ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ka kūkākūkā ʻana i ka hōkele franchising. Ua hōʻoia ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus e ka Educational Institute o ka American Hotel and Lodging Association. [pale ʻia ka leka uila] 917-628-8549

Ua hoʻopuka ʻia kāna puke hou "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2".

Nā puke hōkele ʻē aʻe i paʻi ʻia:

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2009)

• Kūkulu ʻia e Noho Lā: 100+ Mau Hōkele Makahiki Ma Nu Ioka (2011)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ka Hikina o ka Misisipi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar o ka Waldorf (2014)

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume 2: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2016)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ke komohana o ka Misisipi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: ʻO Henry Morrison Flagler, ʻO Henry Bradley Plant, ʻo Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Nā Luna Nui Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume I (2019)

• Mavens Hotel: Volume 3: ʻO Bob lāua ʻo Larry Tisch, ʻo Ralph Hitz, ʻo Cesar Ritz, ʻo Curt Strand

Hiki ke kauoha ʻia i kēia mau puke āpau mai AuthorHouse ma ke kipa ʻana stanleyturkel.com  a kaomi ʻana i ke poʻo inoa o ka puke.

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