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Pehea e wānana ai nā helu huakaʻi maikaʻi ʻole i kahi hopena huakaʻi maikaʻi

ʻO ke kiʻi na ArtHouse Studio, Pexels
i kakauia ma ʻO Linda S. Hohnholz

ʻOiai ʻo ka mea hou loa hōʻike hapahā mai ka European Travel Commission (ETC) ke hōʻike nei i nā helu maikaʻi ʻole, ke nānā ʻia nei kēia ma ke ʻano he ʻano hoʻōla. Pehea e hiki ai?

I ka makahiki 2022, ua wānana ʻia ka hōʻea ʻana o nā mākaʻikaʻi honua i ʻEulopa he 30% ma lalo o 2019 volumes, kākoʻo ʻia e nā huakaʻi home a me nā huakaʻi pōkole. Kuhi ʻia ka huakaʻi ʻāina e hoʻihoʻi hou i ka makahiki 2022, ʻoiai ʻaʻole manaʻo ʻia ka huakaʻi honua e ʻoi aku ma mua o nā pae 2019 a hiki i 2025.

Pehea e hōʻike ai kēia i ke kūpaʻa no ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻEulopa?

Ma kahi pōkole, manaʻo ʻia e hoʻomau ka hoʻōla ʻana o ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻEulopa i 2022, ʻoiai ma ka wikiwiki o ka wikiwiki ma mua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia. Ke nānā nei ka hōʻike ETC i ka hopena o ka maʻi maʻi maʻi COVID-19 a me nā poʻo o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ka geopolitical o kēia manawa, a ʻoiai ke waiho nei i ka ʻāina maikaʻi ʻole, ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili makahiki no Q1 2022 ma nā wahi hōʻike a pau, ua manaʻo ʻia ka hiki ʻana mai he 43. % haʻahaʻa ma ke kumu paona e pili ana i 2019.

He hoʻomaikaʻi maoli kēia ma mua o ka emi ʻana o 60% i ʻike ʻia i ka hapaha mua. ʻO ka wikiwiki wikiwiki e pili ana i ka ʻikepili i Pepeluali i hōʻike ʻia e Serbia (-11%) a me Turkey (-12%). ʻO nā wahi ʻē aʻe e hoʻi hou ana i ka wikiwiki e pili ana i ka ʻikepili iā Pepeluali-Malaki 2022 ʻo Bulgaria (-18%), Austria (-33%), Sepania a me Monaco (ʻelua -34%), a me Croatia (-37%).

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Luís Araújo, ka Pelekikena o ETC, ʻo Luis Araujo: "I ka wā o ka maʻi maʻi, ua mākaukau ka ʻoihana mākaʻikaʻi ʻEulopa i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā kānalua a me nā pilikia. Ke ola mau nei ka ʻāpana mai COVID-19 a aia ke kumu no ka manaʻo maikaʻi. Eia nō naʻe, pono e hoʻomau ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻEulopa i kēia ikaika a puni ka makahiki i ka wā e hoʻomau nei ʻo ʻEulopa i ka hāʻule nui ʻana mai ka hakakā ʻana o Russo-Ukrainian. Kāhea ʻo ETC i nā hui EU e hoʻomau i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā kōkua kālā kūpono a me nā kākoʻo ʻē aʻe i ka ʻāpana, ʻoi aku hoʻi i nā wahi i hilinaʻi nui ʻia i ka mākaʻikaʻi mai Russia a me Ukraine.

Ke emi nei ka hopena o COVID-19

Ke hōʻike nei ka poʻe huakaʻi honua i ko lākou makemake e hele a kipa i ʻEulopa. ʻO nā ʻāina he nui, e like me Sepania, Farani a me Italia, ua wehe i ke koi no ka hoʻāʻo COVID ma mua o ka huakaʻi, e pili ana i ke kūlana kano. Ma muli o kēia mau hana, ua wānana ʻia ʻo Western Europe ka ʻāina maikaʻi loa i ka honua i kēia makahiki, ʻoiai ʻo 24% ma lalo o nā pae 2019.

ʻO ka mea hoʻokani maikaʻi loa ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no nā mākeke kumu holo lōʻihi. ʻO ka ulu awelika makahiki mai ka US a i ʻEulopa e manaʻo ʻia he 33.6% i ka manawa 5-makahiki 2021-2026, me ka piʻi wikiwiki loa i ʻike ʻia ma ʻEulopa ʻĀkau (+ 41.5%). Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻo ia ka hihia ma luna o 2022 transatlantic huakaʻi ma waena o ʻAmelika a me ʻEulopa e lilo i mea nui o ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana o ka ʻoihana huakaʻi ʻEulopa.

I ka hihia o Kina, ʻo ka mea maʻamau ka poʻe huakaʻi huakaʻi nui loa ma ka honua, ʻaʻohe hōʻailona koke o ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā mākaʻikaʻi Kina e hoʻi ana i ka pae pre-pandemic ʻoiai ke hoʻomau nei ka ʻāina i kahi maʻi ʻino o ka ʻano Omicron ma Shanghai a me nā kūlanakauhale nui ʻē aʻe. Ua kau hou nā luna i nā paʻa paʻa a me nā hoʻāʻo koi e kāohi i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi, a ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o nā wahi hōʻike i ʻike i ka emi ʻana o ka 90% o ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi Kina i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me 2019.

Ka hopena o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o Ukraine e Rusia

E like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, ʻo ka hoouka kaua e Rusia ma Ukraine ua wānana ʻia e hoʻemi ʻia ka huakaʻi i waho no nā ʻāina ʻelua, a eia kekahi, e ʻeha pū nā ʻāina kokoke i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o kēia hakakā ʻino. Ma muli o kēia, ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana o ʻEulopa i 2025, me ka hōʻea ʻana i kēia manawa e wānana ʻo 43% haʻahaʻa i 2022 i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me 2019.

Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Cyprus, Montenegro, Latvia, Finland, Estonia, a me Lithuania, ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻopilikia nui ʻia e ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana, ʻoiai ʻo ia kahi i hana ai nā Lūkini ma kahi o 10% o ka nui o nā huakaʻi hele i 2019. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi Lūkini maʻamau nā mea hoʻolimalima kiʻekiʻe i ka wā e hele ai lākou, no laila ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hopena o kā lākou hoʻolilo ʻana mai ka ʻāina. I ka makahiki 2019, ua hāʻawi ka hoʻolimalima Lūkini i 34% o ka huina kālā ma Montenegro, 25% ma Cyprus a me 16% ma Latvia.

Ke hoʻopili ʻia nei ka pilina lewa ʻEulopa-Asia ma muli o ka pani ʻana o ka lewa no Rūsia, Ukraine, Moldova, a me Belarus i ka hapa nui o nā mea lawe ʻEulopa komohana. Ma luna o nā pilikia huakaʻi, ke hoʻopilikia nei ka hakakā ʻo Russia-Ukraine i ka hoʻokele waiwai me ka hoʻopaʻi ʻana ma luna o Rūsia e piʻi aʻe nā kumukūʻai jet e hoʻopili maoli i nā mokulele.

Ma kahi noiʻi hou i alakaʻi ʻia e MMGY Travel Intelligence, 62% o ka poʻe huakaʻi US e hoʻolālā ana e kipa iā ʻEulopa i haʻi i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ke kaua ma Ukraine e laha ana i nā ʻāina kokoke e like me ke kumu e pili ana i nā hoʻolālā. ʻOi aku ka nui o kēia hopohopo ma mua o ka hopohopo ma luna o COVID-19.

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ʻO Linda S. Hohnholz

ʻO Linda Hohnholz ka luna hoʻoponopono no eTurboNews no nā makahiki he nui.
Makemake ʻo ia e kākau a nānā nui i nā kikoʻī.
Mālama ʻo ia i nā ʻike pili waiwai āpau a me nā hoʻokuʻu paʻi.

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