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Moolelo o ka Ahahui Ona Hotele o Asia Amerika

Na AAHOA

ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika ʻAmelika (AAHOA) he hui kalepa e hoike ana i na haku hotele. I ka makahiki 2022, aia ma kahi o 20,000 mau lālā o AAHOA nona ka 60% o nā hōkele ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a nona ke kuleana no 1.7% o ka GDP o ka lāhui. ʻOi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau limahana e hana ana ma nā hōkele a nā lālā o AAHOA, loaʻa $47 biliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki a hāʻawi i 4.2 miliona mau hana US ma nā ʻāpana āpau o ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa.

ʻO ka poʻe ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ma ka hōkele a me ka ʻoihana motel i mua i ka hoʻokae ʻana, mai ka ʻoihana ʻinikua a me nā mea hoʻokūkū e kau ana i nā hōʻailona "ʻAmelika" ma waho o kā lākou mau waiwai e lawe ʻoihana mai iā lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kekahi hui ʻē aʻe o nā hoteliers India ma Atlanta ma 1989 e hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia hoʻokae a hoʻonui i ka ʻike o nā ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e hana ana i ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa ma lalo o ka inoa ʻo Asian American Hotel Owners Association.

Ua hoʻokumu mua ʻia ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hakakā i ka racism.

Ma ka waena o ka makahiki 1970, ua kū ka poʻe hale hōkele ʻAmelika ʻAmelika i ka hoʻokae ʻia mai nā panakō a me nā mea lawe ʻinikua. Ma ia manawa, ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o nā ʻelele i ka ʻaha kūkā o kahi mākaʻi ahi āpana ua puhi ʻo Patels i kā lākou mau motel a waiho i nā koi phony, ua hōʻole nā ​​mea kūʻai ʻinikua e kūʻai aku i ka ʻinikua i nā mea nona nā India.

No ka hakakā ʻana i kēia pilikia a me nā ʻano hoʻokae ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Mid-South Indemnity Association ma Tennessee. Ua ulu a puni ka ʻāina a ua hoʻololi i kona inoa i ka INDO American Hospitality Association. Ua hui pū kekahi pūʻulu o nā hale hōkele India ma Atlanta i ka makahiki 1989 e hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia hoʻokae a hoʻonui i ka ʻike o nā ʻAmelika ʻAmelika i ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa. Me ke kōkua ʻana o Michael Leven, ka pelekikena o Days Inn o ʻAmelika i ia manawa, ua hoʻokumu lākou i ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. I ka pau ʻana o ka makahiki 1994, ua hoʻohui ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu ʻelua me kēia misionari:

Hāʻawi ʻo AAHOA i kahi ʻaha kūkā e hiki ai i nā mea nona nā hōkele ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ma o ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā manaʻo me ka leo lokahi, hiki ke kamaʻilio, ka launa pū ʻana, a me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ko lākou kūlana kūpono i loko o ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa, a lilo i kumu hoʻoikaika ma o ka hāpai ʻana i ka ʻoihana a me ka maikaʻi ma o ka hoʻonaʻauao a pili kaiaulu.

Ua lawe mai nā mea hou i ko lākou ʻike ʻoihana a me ko lākou ʻohana e hoʻokele i kēia mau motel. Ua hoʻokumu lākou i nā ʻenehana loiloi hou e nānā i ke kahe kālā koʻikoʻi. ʻEhā mau manawa kālā i lilo i mantra o nā Patels. Inā loaʻa i ka motel pilikia he $10,000 i kēlā me kēia makahiki a hiki ke loaʻa no $40,000, ua loaʻa ka waiwai i ka ʻohana hana ikaika.

Ua hoʻoponopono a hoʻomaikaʻi lākou i nā motel rundown e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke kahe kālā, kūʻai aku i nā waiwai a kūʻai aku i nā motel maikaʻi aʻe. ʻAʻole kēia me ka pilikia ʻole. ʻAʻole hiki i nā hui ʻinikua maʻamau ke hāʻawi i ka uhi no ka mea ua manaʻo lākou e hoʻopau kēia mau mea malihini i kā lākou mau motel. I kēlā mau lā, ʻaʻole hiki i nā panakō ke hāʻawi i nā moraki. Pono nā Patels e hoʻolimalima i kekahi i kekahi a hoʻopaʻa pono i kā lākou mau waiwai.

I Iulai 4, 1999, New York Times ʻatikala, kākau ʻo Tunku Vardarajan, ka mea kākau moʻolelo, "ʻO nā mea nona ka mua, ma ke ʻano i kūlike me ka nui o nā hui malihini e puka mai nei, ʻimi ʻia, hele i waho, kāʻili i nā soka kahiko a ʻaʻole i lawe i kahi hoʻomaha. ʻAʻole lākou i hana i kēia no ka mālama kālā wale nō akā no ka mea ʻo ka mālama kālā kekahi ʻāpana o ka moʻomeheu ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, ʻo ia ka mea e manaʻo nei i nā hoʻolilo waiwai ʻole a pau he mea ʻino a maikaʻi ʻole. He ʻano ʻano i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i nā frills a me nā frivolities, kahi i loaʻa i kona mau aʻa e like me ke ʻano o ka Hinduism a nā Patels e hana ai e like me kā lākou moʻomeheu mōʻaukala ma ke ʻano he perfectionists kalepa.

Kākau ʻo ka mea kākau ʻo Joel Millman i Nā ʻAmelika ʻē aʻe Viking, 1997, Niu Ioka:

Ua lawe ʻo Patels i kahi ʻoihana hiamoe a makua a hoʻohuli iā ia i lalo - hāʻawi i nā mea kūʻai aku i nā koho ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka waiwai. ʻO nā mokele i hoʻokomo i nā piliona kālā i loko o nā waihona malihini i lilo i waiwai kūʻai kūʻai ʻoi aku ka nui o nā piliona. ʻO kēlā kaulike, mālama ʻia e kahi hanauna hou, ke hoʻohana ʻia nei i nā ʻoihana hou. ʻO kekahi e pili ana i ka noho ʻana (hana i nā lako motel); ʻo kekahi e pili ana i ka waiwai paʻa (reclaiming derelict house); ʻo kekahi ke kālā e ʻimi nei i kahi manawa kūpono. ʻO ke kumu hoʻohālike ʻo Patel-motel kahi laʻana, e like me nā jitneys West Indian o New York, o ke ʻano o ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā malihini i ka pai. A aia kekahi haʻawina: ʻoiai ke neʻe nei ka hoʻokele waiwai mai ka hana ʻana i nā lawelawe, hōʻike ka hanana Patel-motel pehea e hiki ai i ka franchising ke hoʻohuli i kahi mea ʻē aʻe i mea pāʻani nui. Hiki ke kope ʻia ke kumu hoʻohālike Gujarati no nā motel e nā Latinos i ka hoʻoponopono ʻāina, nā West Indians i ka mālama home a i ʻole nā ​​ʻAsia ma nā lawelawe kahuna. Ma ka hana ʻana i ka franchise turnkey ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻohana, e kōkua nā malihini i kahi kahawai pau ʻole o nā mea lawelawe e ulu.

I ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o ka hoʻopukapuka a me nā kuleana, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā Patels no nā lawehala like ʻole: ka puhi ʻana i ke ahi, ka holoi holoi ʻana i nā loiloi huakaʻi kaʻahele ʻia, ke keʻakeʻa nei i nā kānāwai hoʻokipa. I loko o kahi pahū maikaʻi ʻole o xenophobia, ʻO ka pepa lele pinepine Ua haʻi ka magazine (Summer 1981), “Ua hiki mai ka hoʻopukapuka haole i ka ʻoihana motel… e hoʻopilikia nui ana i nā mea kūʻai aku a me nā mea kūʻai kālā ʻAmelika. Ke ʻōhumu nei kēlā poʻe ʻAmelika e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana hewa ʻole: aia nō ke kamaʻilio ʻana no ka kipi. Ua hoʻopiʻi ka makasina no ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā Patels i nā kumukūʻai motel e hoʻoulu i ka huhū kūʻai. Ua hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻatikala me kahi ʻōlelo racist maopopo ʻole, "Ua hāʻawi ʻia nā manaʻo e pili ana i nā motel e honi ana e like me ka curry a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻeleʻele e pili ana i nā malihini e hoʻolimalima i nā Caucasians e hana i ka papa mua." Ua hoʻopau ka ʻatikala, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke pāʻani nei ka poʻe malihini ma ka ʻoihana motel a ʻaʻole paha ma muli o ka puke lula." ʻO ka hōʻike maikaʻi loa i ʻike ʻia o ia ʻano hoʻokalakupua ʻo ia ka wikiwiki o nā hae "American Owned" i hōʻike ʻia ma kekahi mau hōkele ma ka ʻāina. Ua hana hou ʻia kēia hōʻike inaina ma hope o Kepakemapa 11 ʻAmelika.

Ma kaʻu ʻatikala, "Pehea e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke loaʻa iā ʻAmelika", (Hoʻokipa Hoʻokipa, ʻAukake 2002), ua kākau wau:

"Ma hope-Sept. 11 ʻAmelika, nā ʻōuli o ka patriotism ma nā wahi āpau: nā hae, nā slogan, hoʻopōmaikaʻi ke Akua iā ʻAmelika a me nā mea hoʻolaha o United We Stand. Minamina, ʻo kēia kahe ʻana i waho i kekahi manawa ʻoi aku ka nui o nā palena o ke aupuni a ke lehulehu a me ke ʻano maikaʻi. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, hoʻopili ka patriotism maoli i nā hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi loa o kā mākou palapala hoʻokumu, a ʻo ka mea ʻoi loa o ʻAmelika e ʻike ʻia i kona ʻano like ʻole. ʻO ka mea ʻē aʻe, ʻo ka mea ʻoi loa inā hōʻike ʻia ke hoʻāʻo kekahi o nā hui e wehewehe "ʻAmelika" i kā lākou kiʻi ponoʻī. Minamina, ua hoʻāʻo kekahi mau haku hōkele e wehewehe i kā lākou ʻano mana o "ʻAmelika." I ka hopena o ka makahiki 2002 ua hoʻokau ka Hotel Pennsylvania ma New York City i kahi hae komo e ʻōlelo ana "he hōkele nona no ʻAmelika," ua hoʻāʻo nā mea ʻona e pale i ka hoʻohewa ma ka wehewehe ʻana, "ʻO ka pilikia o ko ʻAmelika mau waiwai ʻaʻole ia e hōʻino i nā hōkele ʻē aʻe. Makemake mākou e hoʻolako i kā mākou poʻe kipa me kahi ʻike ʻAmelika. Makemake mākou e ʻike ka poʻe e loaʻa iā lākou kahi ʻike ʻAmelika. ʻAʻole mākou hoihoi i nā hōkele ʻē aʻe a i ʻole ʻole. "

He poʻo hewa kēia wehewehe ʻana. He aha ka "ʻike ʻAmelika" ma kahi ʻāina e haʻaheo nei iā ia iho i kāna ʻano moʻomeheu? ʻO ka berena keʻokeʻo wale nō, nā ʻīlio wela a me ka cola? A i ʻole e hoʻopili i nā mea noʻeau, mele, hula, meaʻai, moʻomeheu a me nā hana a nā lāhui like ʻole a me nā kamaʻāina e lawe mai i ka ʻike ʻAmelika?

I ka makahiki 1998, ua hoʻolaha aku ka luna o AAHOA Mike Patel i ka ʻoihana hōkele ua hiki mai ka manawa e ʻike ai i nā 12 Points of Fair Franchising o AAHOA. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ke kumu nui "ʻo ka hana ʻana i kahi ʻāina franchising e hāpai ana i ka kaulike a me ka pōmaikaʻi i nā ʻaoʻao āpau."

AAHOA's 12 Points of Fair Franchising

Manaʻo 1: Hoʻopau mua a me nā pōʻino i hoʻopau ʻia

Manaʻo 2: Ka hopena/ Hoʻopiʻi ʻia/ Paleʻa Brand Cross

Manaʻo 3: Nā hōʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hana a me ka maikaʻi

Manaʻo 4: Nānā Manaʻo Kūikawā / Nānā malihini

Manaʻo 5: Mea kūʻai kūʻokoʻa

Manaʻo 6: Hōʻike a me ke kuleana

Manaʻo 7: Mālama i nā pilina me nā Franchisees

Helu 8: Hoʻoholo Hoʻopaʻapaʻa

Helu 9: Wahi a me ke koho ʻana i nā paukū kānāwai

Manaʻo 10: Kūʻai Kūʻai Franchise a me nā hana

Manaʻo 11: Hoʻololi

Helu 12: Ke kūʻai aku ʻana i ka Brand Hōkele Pūnaehana Franchise

ʻO Stanley Turkel ua koho ʻia ʻo 2020 History of the Year e Hōkele mōʻaukala o ʻAmelika, ka papahana kūhelu o ka National Trust for Historic Preservation, nona ka inoa i kapa mua ʻia ma 2015 a me 2014. ʻO Turkel ka mea kūkākūkā hōkele nui loa i hoʻolaha ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Hoʻohana ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana kūkākūkā hōkele ma ke ʻano he mea hōʻike loea i nā hihia pili i ka hōkele, hāʻawi i ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kūkākūkā ʻana i ka hōkele franchising. Ua hōʻoia ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus e ka Educational Institute o ka American Hotel and Lodging Association. [pale ʻia ka leka uila] 917-628-8549

Ua hoʻopuka ʻia kāna puke hou "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2".

Nā puke hōkele ʻē aʻe i paʻi ʻia:

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2009)

• Kūkulu ʻia e Noho Lā: 100+ Mau Hōkele Makahiki Ma Nu Ioka (2011)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ka Hikina o ka Misisipi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar o ka Waldorf (2014)

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume 2: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2016)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ke komohana o ka Misisipi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: ʻO Henry Morrison Flagler, ʻO Henry Bradley Plant, ʻo Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Nā Luna Nui Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume I (2019)

• Mavens Hotel: Volume 3: ʻO Bob lāua ʻo Larry Tisch, ʻo Ralph Hitz, ʻo Cesar Ritz, ʻo Curt Strand

Hiki ke kauoha ʻia i kēia mau puke āpau mai AuthorHouse ma ke kipa ʻana stanleyturkel.com  a kaomi ʻana i ke poʻo inoa o ka puke.

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ʻO Stanley Turkel CMHS hōkele-online.com

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