Kaomi ma aneʻi e hōʻike i kāu mau hae ma kēia ʻaoʻao a uku wale no ka holomua

Culture Nā Hōkele a me nā Hōkele News Hoʻomākaʻikaʻi Nūhou Kaʻa Huakaʻi Trending USA

Old Terminal New Hotel: ʻO ka Hotel Roosevelt a me ka Hale Postum

Na S.Turkel kiʻi

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Terminal ma ke ʻano he manaʻo i ka wā o ke kūkulu hou ʻana o Grand Central Terminal mai ka Grand Central Station kahiko mai 1903 a i 1913. ʻO ka mea nona ke alanui kaʻaahi, ʻo New York Central a me Hudson River Railroad, makemake e hoʻonui i ka hiki o ka hale kaʻaahi a me nā pā kaʻaahi. a no laila ua noʻonoʻo ʻo ia i kahi hoʻolālā e kanu i nā ala a me nā paepae a hana i ʻelua pae i kona hale kaʻaahi hou, ʻoi aku ka pālua o ka hiki o ke kahua.

Hōkele Hōkele: Terminal City (1911)

I ka manawa like, ʻo William J. Wilgus ka mea ʻenekini nui i ʻike i ka hiki ke kūʻai aku i nā kuleana ea, ka kuleana e kūkulu ai ma luna o ka hale kaʻaahi i kēia manawa, no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻāina. No laila, ua hana ʻo Grand Central i kekahi mau poloka o ka waiwai waiwai nui ma Manhattan, e hoʻomaka ana mai 42nd a 51st Streets ma waena o Madison a me Lexington Avenues. Loaʻa pinepine ka Realty and Terminal Company i nā kuleana ea ma kekahi o nā ala ʻelua: ke kūkulu ʻana i nā hale a hoʻolimalima iā lākou a kūʻai aku paha i nā kuleana ea i nā mea hoʻomohala pilikino e kūkulu i kā lākou mau hale ponoʻī.

Ua ʻike ʻo William Wilgus i kēia mau kuleana ea ma ke ʻano he kālā no ke kūkulu ʻana o ka pahu. Ua noi mua ʻo Architects Reed & Stem i kahi Metropolitan Opera House hou, kahi Madison Square Garden, a me kahi hale National Academy of Design. ʻO ka hope loa, ua hoʻoholo ke alanui kaʻaahi e hoʻomohala i ia wahi i ʻāpana ʻoihana kalepa.

Hoʻomaka ka hoʻolālā ʻana no ka hoʻomohala ʻana ma mua o ka pau ʻana o ka pahu. I ka makahiki 1903, ua hoʻokumu ʻo New York Central Railroad i kahi derivative, ka New York State Realty and Terminal Company, e nānā i ke kūkulu ʻana ma luna o nā pā kaʻaahi o Grand Central. Ua komo ka New Haven Railroad i ka ʻoihana ma hope aku. Ua kapa ʻia nā poloka ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ke kahua mokulele ʻo "Terminal City" a i ʻole "Grand Central Zone."

Ma ka makahiki 1906, ua hoʻonui mua ka nūhou o nā hoʻolālā no Grand Central i nā waiwai o nā waiwai kokoke. Ma ka hui pū ʻana me kēia pāhana, ua loaʻa i ka māhele o Park Avenue ma luna o nā pā kaʻaahi o Grand Central kahi median ʻāina a ua huki ʻia kekahi o nā hōkele hale pipiʻi loa. I ka manawa i wehe ʻia ai ka pahu pahu i ka makahiki 1913, ua kūʻai ʻia nā poloka e hoʻopuni ana iā ia mai $2 miliona a $3 miliona.

Ua lilo koke ʻo Terminal City i ʻāpana ʻoihana a me ke keʻena makemake loa o Manhattan.

Mai ka makahiki 1904 a hiki i ka makahiki 1926, ua pālua ka waiwai o ka aina ma ke alanui Park Avenue, a ma ka wahi o Terminal City, ua hoonuiia he 244%. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia kahi ʻatikala 1920 New York Times "ʻo ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka waiwai Grand Central ma nā ʻano he nui ma mua o nā mea i manaʻo ʻia. Me kona mau hōkele, nā hale keʻena, nā hale noho a me nā alanui lalo ʻaʻole ia he kahua kaʻaahi nani wale nō, akā he kikowaena civic nui hoʻi.

Ua komo mai ka apana i na hale oihana e like me ka Hale Alii Nui Nui, Hale Chrysler, Hale Chanin, Hale Waihona Bowery Savings Bank, a me Pershing Square Building; nā hale hoʻokipa nani ma ke alanui Park; he hui o nā hōkele kiʻekiʻe e komo pū ana me Commodore, Biltmore, Roosevelt, Marguery, Chatham, Barclay, Park Lane, Waldorf Astoria a me ka Yale Club o New York.

Ua hoʻolālā ʻia kēia mau hale i ke ʻano neoclassical, e hoʻokō ana i ka hoʻolālā ʻana o ka terminal. ʻOiai ua hoʻolālā ʻo Architects Warren lāua ʻo Wetmore i ka hapa nui o kēia mau hale, ua nānā pū ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā o nā mea kākau kiʻi ʻē aʻe (e like me kā James Gamble Rogers, nāna i hoʻolālā i ka Yale Club) i mea e kūpono ai ke ʻano o nā hale hou me ko Terminal City. Ma keʻano laulā, ua loaʻa ka hoʻolālā kahua o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Terminal mai ka City Beautiful neʻe, ka mea i paipai i ka lokahi aesthetic ma waena o nā hale pili. ʻO ke kūlike o nā ʻano hoʻolālā, a me ke kālā nui i hāʻawi ʻia e nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā, ua kōkua i ka kūleʻa o Terminal City.

ʻO ka Graybar Building, i hoʻopau ʻia i ka makahiki 1927, ʻo ia kekahi o nā papahana hope loa o Terminal City.

Hoʻokomo ʻia ka hale i ka nui o nā kahua kaʻaahi o Grand Central, a me ka Graybar Passage, kahi alaloa me nā mea kūʻai aku a me nā puka kaʻaahi e hohola ana mai ke kahua a hiki i ke alanui Lexington. I ka makahiki 1929, kūkulu ʻo New York Central i kona keʻena poʻo ma kahi hale 34-papa, a ma hope i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Helmsley Building, kahi i kapa ʻia ʻo Park Avenue ma ka ʻākau o ke kahua. Ua lohi nui ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka wā o ka Depression Nui, a ua hoʻohiolo mālie ʻia kekahi hapa o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Terminal City me nā kiʻi kila-a-aniani ma hope o ke Kaua Honua II.

ʻO ka City Club o New York, (kahi aʻu i lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻomalu o ka Papa mai 1979 a 1990) i hoʻouna aku nei i kahi leka i ka NY Landmarks Preservation Commission e koi ana i ka pale ʻana i nā Landmarks no ka Hotel Roosevelt (George B. Post and Son 1924) a me ka Postum Hale (Cross & Cross 1923).

He hōkele kaulana ʻo Roosevelt Hotel ma 45 East 45th Street (ma waena o Madison Avenue a me Vanderbilt Avenue) ma Midtown Manhattan. Kapa ʻia ma ka hanohano o ka Pelekikena Theodore Roosevelt, ua wehe ʻia ka Roosevelt i ka lā 22 o Kepakemapa, 1924. Ua pani paʻa ia i ka lā 18 o Dekemaba, 2020.

He 1,025 lumi o ka hōkele, me 52 suites. ʻO ka Presidential Suite 3,900-square-foot he ʻehā lumi moe, kahi lumi kuke, nā wahi noho a me nā wahi ʻai, a me kahi pā a puni. Ua kāhiko ʻia nā lumi me nā lako lāʻau mahogany a me nā uhi moe ʻulaʻula.

Aia kekahi mau hale ʻaina i loko o ka hōkele, ʻo ia hoʻi:

• ʻO ka "Roosevelt Grill" e lawelawe ana i nā meaʻai ʻAmelika a me nā mea kūikawā kūloko no ka ʻaina kakahiaka.

• ʻO ka "Madison Club Lounge," kahi pā a me kahi lumi hoʻokipa me kahi pahu mahogany 30-kapuaʻi, nā pukaaniani aniani, a me nā kapuahi.

• ʻO ka "Vander Bar," kahi hale ʻaina me nā mea hoʻonaninani hou, e lawelawe ana i nā pia hana.

He 30,000 kapuaʻi kuea ka nui o ka hui a me ka hōʻikeʻike, me ʻelua lumi pōlele a me 17 mau lumi hālāwai hou mai 300 a 1,100 kapuaʻi kuea.

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka hōkele ʻo Roosevelt e ka mea kālepa ʻo Niagara Falls ʻo Frank A. Dudley a hoʻokele ʻia e ka United Hotels Company. Ua hoʻolālā ʻia ka hōkele e ka hui ʻo George B. Post & Son a ua hoʻolimalima ʻia mai The New York State Realty and Terminal Company, he mahele o ka New York Central Railroad. ʻO ka hōkele, i kūkulu ʻia ma ke kumukūʻai o $12,000,000 (e like me $181,212,000 i 2020), ʻo ia ka mea mua i hoʻokomo i nā alo o ka hale kūʻai ma mua o nā kaola ma kona mau alahele, no ka mea, ua pāpā ʻia ka hope ma muli o ka Prohibition. Ua hoʻopili ʻia ka Hotel Roosevelt i kekahi manawa me Grand Central Terminal ma o kahi ala lalo e hoʻopili ai i ka hōkele i ke kahua kaʻaahi. Ke pau nei ke alahele ma kēlā ʻaoʻao o ke alanui mai ka puka komo o ke alanui Hikina 45th o ka hōkele. Ua mālama ʻo Roosevelt i ka hale hoʻokipa malihini kipa mua a me ka lawelawe mālama keiki ma The Teddy Bear Room a loaʻa iā ia ke kauka i loko o ka hale.

Hilton

Ua kūʻai ʻo Conrad Hilton i ka Roosevelt i ka makahiki 1943, a kapa ʻia ʻo ia "he hōkele maikaʻi me nā wahi ākea" a hoʻolilo ʻo Roosevelt's Presidential Suite i kona home. I ka makahiki 1947, ua lilo ʻo Roosevelt i hōkele mua loa i loaʻa kahi kīwī ma kēlā me kēia lumi.

Ua kūʻai aku ʻo Hilton Hotels i ke kaulahao ʻo Statler Hotels i ka makahiki 1954. ʻO ka hopena, ua loaʻa iā lākou nā hōkele nui ma nā kūlanakauhale nui he nui, e like me New York, kahi i loaʻa iā lākou ka Roosevelt, The Plaza, The Waldorf-Astoria, ka New Yorker Hotel a me ka Hotel. Statler. Ma hope koke iho, ua hoʻopiʻi ke aupuni federal i kahi hoʻopiʻi kūʻē iā Hilton. No ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hihia, ua ʻae ʻo Hilton e kūʻai aku i kekahi o kā lākou mau hōkele, me ka Hotel Roosevelt, i kūʻai ʻia aku i ka Hotel Corporation o ʻAmelika ma Pepeluali 29, 1956, no $2,130,000.

Nā Mokulele International Pakistan

Ma ka makahiki 1978, nona ka hōkele e ka Penn Central e hakakā nei, nāna i kūʻai aku, a me ʻelua mau hōkele ʻē aʻe e kokoke ana, ʻo The Biltmore a me The Barclay. Ua kūʻai ʻia nā hōkele ʻekolu i ka Loews Corporation no $55 miliona. Ua kūʻai koke aku ʻo Loews i ka Roosevelt e hoʻomohala iā Paul Milstein no $30 miliona.

Ma 1979, ua hoʻolimalima ʻo Milstein i ka hōkele i ka Pakistan International Airlines me kahi koho e kūʻai i ka hale ma hope o 20 mau makahiki ma ke kumu kūʻai he $36.5 miliona. ʻO Prince Faisal bin Khalid Abdulaziz Al Saud o Saudi Arabia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea hoʻopukapuka ma ka ʻaelike 1979. Ua lilo ka hōkele i kāna mau mea hana he $70 miliona i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana, ma muli o kāna mau hale kahiko.

I ka makahiki 2005, ua kūʻai aku ʻo PIA i kāna hoa Saudi ma kahi ʻaelike e komo pū ana ka ʻāpana o ke aliʻi ma ka Hôtel Scribe ma Paris, no ke kūʻai ʻana aku i $40 miliona a me ka ʻāpana o ka PIA o ka Hotel Riyadh Minhal (kahi Holiday Inn aia ma ka waiwai o ke aliʻi). I Iulai 2007, hoʻolaha ʻo PIA e kūʻai ana i ka hōkele. ʻO ka piʻi ʻana o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hōkele, i ka manawa like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka mokulele i nā poho nui, ua haʻalele ʻia ke kūʻai aku. I ka makahiki 2011, ua hana hou ka Roosevelt i nā hana hou, akā ua wehe ʻia i ka wā o ke kaʻina hana.

I ʻOkakopa 2020, ua hoʻolaha ʻia e pani paʻa ka hōkele ma muli o ka hoʻomau ʻia o nā poho kālā e pili ana i ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19. ʻO ka lā hope o ka hana ʻo Dekemaba 18, 2020.

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Guy Lombardo e alakaʻi i ka hui hale o ka Roosevelt Grill ma 1929; Ma ʻaneʻi i hoʻomaka ai ʻo Lombardo e hoʻopaʻa i ka lekiō makahiki hou o ka makahiki hou me kāna hui, ʻo The Royal Canadians.

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Lawrence Welk i kāna ʻoihana ma ka Roosevelt Hotel i nā kauwela i ka wā i lawe ai ʻo Lombardo i kāna mele i Long Island.

Hoʻokani ola ʻia ke mele i kēlā me kēia lumi ma o ka lekiō. Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Hugo Gernsback (no Hugo Award kaulana) iā WRNY mai kahi lumi ma ka papahele 18 o ka Roosevelt Hotel e hoʻolaha ola ma o ka hale kiaʻi 125-kapuaʻi ma luna o ka hale.

Mai ka makahiki 1943 a hiki i ka makahiki 1955, ua lawelawe ʻo Roosevelt Hotel ma ke keʻena ʻo New York City a me ka hale noho o Kiaʻāina Thomas E. Dewey. ʻO ka hale noho mua o Dewey ʻo kāna mahiʻai ma Pawling, ma ka ʻaoʻao o New York, akā ua hoʻohana ʻo ia i ka Suite 1527 ma ka Roosevelt e alakaʻi i ka hapa nui o kāna ʻoihana kūhelu ma ke kūlanakauhale. I ka 1948 koho peresidena, a Dewey eo i ka incumbent Peresidena Harry S. Truman i loko o ka pilikia nui, Dewey, kona ohana, a me nā limahana i hoʻolohe i ke koho balota ma Suite 1527 o ka Roosevelt.

ʻO Terminal City, ka Roosevelt Hotel a me ka Postum Building ka puʻuwai o New York. Pono lākou e hāʻawi ʻia i ka inoa Landmarks a me ka pale ʻana i ka wā hiki loa mai ka wā i pani ʻia ai ka Hotel Roosevelt a ua hoʻolimalima nā mea nona ka hale Postum i kahi mea kākau e "ʻimi i nā koho."

Mōʻaukala Hotel: hālāwai ʻo Hotelier Raymond Orteig me Pilot Charles Lindbergh

ʻO Stanley Turkel ua koho ʻia ma ke ʻano he Historian of the Year e ka Histories Hotels of America, he polokalamu manawaleʻa o ka National Trust for Historic Preservation, nona ka inoa i kapa ʻia ai ma 2020 a me 2015. ʻO Turel ka mea aʻoaʻo kūkā nui loa i hoʻolaha ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Hoʻohana ʻo ia i kāna hana kūkākūkā hōkele e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he loea ʻike i nā hihia e pili ana i ka hōkele, hāʻawi i ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ka kūkā kamaʻilio hōkele. Ua hōʻoia ʻia ma ke ʻano he Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus e ka Educational Institute o ka American Hotel and Lodging Association. [pale ʻia ka leka uila] 917-628-8549

Ua hoʻopuka ʻia kāna puke hou "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2".

Nā puke hōkele ʻē aʻe i paʻi ʻia:

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2009)

• Kūkulu ʻia e Noho Lā: 100+ Mau Hōkele Makahiki Ma Nu Ioka (2011)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ka Hikina o ka Misisipi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar o ka Waldorf (2014)

• Nā Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume 2: Nā Paionia o ka ʻOhana Hotel (2016)

• Kukulu ʻia a hala i hope: 100+ mau makahiki mau makahiki ma ke komohana o ka Misisipi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: ʻO Henry Morrison Flagler, ʻO Henry Bradley Plant, ʻo Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Nā Luna Nui Hōkele ʻAmelika Nui Volume I (2019)

• Mavens Hotel: Volume 3: ʻO Bob lāua ʻo Larry Tisch, ʻo Ralph Hitz, ʻo Cesar Ritz, ʻo Curt Strand

Hiki ke kauoha ʻia i kēia mau puke āpau mai AuthorHouse ma ke kipa ʻana stanleyturkel.com  a kaomi ʻana i ke poʻo inoa o ka puke.

Nā nūhou hou aʻe e pili ana i nā hōkele o New York

#newyorkhotels

Pūnaewele

No ka mea kākau

ʻO Stanley Turkel CMHS hōkele-online.com

Waiho i ka manaʻo

1 Comment

  • Ua manaʻo kekahi ʻatikala i ka makahiki 2007 e pili ana nā manaʻo o ka waiwai o ka pūnaewele - ka pūnaewele, ma kahi o hoʻokahi ʻeka, i loko o kahi huakaʻi pōkole o GCT - mai ka "$400 miliona a ʻoi aku i ka $1 biliona."

    Manaʻo kekahi ua iho ka waiwai o ka ʻāina ma waena o Manhattan mai ia manawa?

    "E like me nā hōʻike he nui i nā nūpepa Pakistani, ua manaʻo ʻia ka hōkele e hoʻonui i ka loaʻa kālā ma mua o $ 7.5 miliona i kēia makahiki, a ke wānana nei nā manaʻo e hiki mai ana e piʻi ana ka huina ma kahi o $22 miliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā makahiki he ʻumi e hiki mai ana."

    He aha ka manaʻo kūpono e hoʻomau i ka mālama ʻana i kahi hōkele 18-papa - ʻaʻohe mea nani paha ia - ma ia wahi. E nānā i ka ʻike lewa o ke kaiāulu. Hoʻopuni ʻia kēlā poloka e nā hale kiʻekiʻe loa, e lawelawe ana i nā ʻano pono like ʻole.

    Manaʻo wau i ka nui o ka ʻauhau waiwai a nā mea nona kēia manawa e uku ai i ke kūlanakauhale. ʻAʻole maikaʻi ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka ʻāina, a inā ʻaʻole e hoʻohana pono nā mea nona kēia pūnaewele i ka hoʻohana maikaʻi ʻana, pono e kūʻai aku ia mea i ka mea makemake. ʻAʻole ia he mea ʻokoʻa inā ʻo ka poʻe speculators ʻāina he kanaka US a hui paha, a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea ʻē aʻe; like ka hopena ma ke kaiāulu kūloko.

    ʻO kēlā ʻeka kūlanakauhale nui, ʻoiai ma ka manaʻo haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o 2007 he $400,000,000, he 2,000 ka nui o ke kumu kūʻai o ka ʻeka o ka ʻāina noho he 30 mile ka mamao (e ʻōlelo, $200,000) a he 50,000 mau manawa o ka nui o ka ʻeka o ka ʻāina mahiʻai. wahi (e, $8,000).

    E lilo anei ka waiwai o ka aina i ka mea nona ka aina, a i ole ia, e hoihoi nui ia i ke kaiaulu, i hiki ai ia kakou ke hoemi i na auhau e kaumaha ana i na hana huahua?

Kaʻana like i...