Kahi alakaʻi piha i ka ʻoihana Hanai maʻi ma Latin America

Kahi alakaʻi piha i ka ʻoihana Hanai maʻi ma Latin America
Hanai kahu ʻAmelika Latina
i kakauia ma hoʻoponopono

Ua ʻike ʻo Latin America i ka ulu nui a me ka ulu ʻana o nā kaiāulu i nā makahiki he 50 i hala, e lawe ana i nā ʻoihana āpau a me nā mākeke i nā ʻoihana 20 a me nā hilinaʻi he 12 i hana i kēia wahi like ʻole. ʻO ka kahu maʻi kahi lālā i hana nui i ka holomua o ka mālama olakino ma kēia ʻāpana o ka honua. ʻO nā kahu wahine nā kahu hānai e hāʻawi i ka mālama hānau i nā wahine hāpai a hānai. No laila, pili pili nā māla o ka hānai maʻi a me ka pale keiki a he nui nā loea e koho e lilo i kahu hānai hōʻoia (CNM) e loaʻa ai ke koho o ka hana ʻana i nā kuleana ʻelua.

Minamina, ʻo ka hana ʻana i ka noiʻi i ka ʻoihana hānai a Latin America hiki ke alakaʻi iā ʻoe i lalo i kahi lua lāpaki o nā hōʻike kūhelu a me nā noiʻi me ke ʻano ʻole o ke kuhikuhi a me ka hopena. I loko o kēia alakaʻi maʻalahi, e hele mākou ma luna o kekahi o nā stats ʻike loa a me nā ʻike e wehewehe ana i ke kūlana o nā kahu hānai a me nā hana keiki waena ma Latin America:

Ke kaulana nei nā kula pūnaewele no nā kahu hānai hou a me nā palekeiki

E like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka nānā ʻana i nā palapala ʻāina ukali i hoʻokokoke ʻia, nui nā wahi kaiāulu nui ma Latin America. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau kauhale a me nā kauhale ʻaʻohe o lākou kulanui a i ʻole nā ​​papahana kekele. ʻOiai, me kahi o 30,000 mau pēpē hou i hānau ʻia ma Latin America i kēlā me kēia lā, ʻo ka pono mau no ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa wahine a me ka aʻo ʻana kekahi mea nui. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā haumāna ʻaʻole e noho kokoke i kahi kulanui ʻaʻohe koho akā e hele i kahi kula midwifery pūnaewele aiʻole papahana hānai e loaʻa nā hōʻoia e pono ai e hoʻomaka i kā lākou ʻoihana.

Aia ma mua o 1200 nā kula hānai ma Latin America

Wahi a kahi hōʻike i paʻi ʻia e ka World Health Organization (WHO), ua ʻike ʻia ma mua o 1280 nā kula hānai ma loko o Latin America a me ka Caribbean. Me he mea lā he nui ia, akā ke noʻonoʻo ʻoe i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he nui ka heluna o ka ʻāina ma mua o 630 miliona mau kānaka ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻo ia hoʻi aia ma kahi o kahi papahana kula hānai no kēlā me ka hapalua miliona mau kānaka. Hoʻonohonoho nui ʻia kēia mau kula i nā wahi kaona a me nā kūlanakauhale nui, a ʻo ka hopena ʻaʻole hiki i ka hapa nui o ka ʻāina ke komo kūpono i ke kula kaiaulu.

Ke alo nei ka hapa nui o ka ʻĀina i kahi hemahema kahu maʻi

ʻOiai aia kekahi mau ʻāina ma Latin America i ʻoi aku ka nui o nā kahu hānai ma mua o ka mea e pono ai, ʻo ka hapa nui e pili ana i ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe - kahi nui ākea e manaʻo ʻia e hala he 5-10 mau makahiki. ʻO ka hemahema o nā kula kahu hānai i ʻae ʻia i nā wahi he nui ʻaʻole hiki i nā haumāna i kēlā mau wahi ke noʻonoʻo i ka hiki ke lilo i kahu maʻi. ʻOiai ma nā ʻāina kahi i loaʻa ai ka ʻike na nā kamaʻāina no ka manuahi, aia nō nā lilo a me nā mea keakea i ka lilo ʻana i kahu a i palekeiki paha.

ʻO ka haʻalele ʻana i nā pēpē pēpē kahi ʻāpana o ka pilikia

Ke hiki mai i ke kuhikuhi ʻana i kahi kumu kumu no ka hemahema o ka hānai, ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o ka haʻalele ʻana o ka hanauna pēpē pēpē e like me ka mana ma mua o ka ʻokoʻa o ka wahine āpau. ʻO kēia mau makahiki, mai 55-75 mau makahiki, e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻāpana ulu o nā limahana hānai a me ka pale keiki ma Latin America. Ke haʻalele nei kēia mau kānaka, pono ka nalu hou o nā haumāna puka e pani iā ​​lākou. ʻO ka pilikia, ʻaʻole e ola ana nā helu hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā pono kanaka i nā wahi he nui. Eia kekahi, inā he helu kaulike kāu o nā haumāna puka hou i mākaukau e hoʻopiha i nā kāmaʻa o nā pēpē pēpē hoʻomaha, hiki i ka paʻakikī ke hoʻolimalima ʻia me ka ʻike ʻole.

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He nui nā kahu hānai a me nā palekeiki i ʻae ʻia e noho ana a hana ma Latin America e moemoeā o ka neʻe ʻana i nā lāhui ʻē aʻe i hoʻomohala ʻia kahi e hiki ai iā lākou ke loaʻa nā uku kiʻekiʻe a keu pono mai nā ʻoihana ikaika. He manaʻo maopopo kēia e loaʻa i hoʻokahi kanaka, akā ma ka pālākiō nui ʻaʻole maikaʻi ia no ka hānai wahine ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ma muli o kēlā me kēia makahiki he tausani mau kahu hānai e koho e neʻe, me ka waiho ʻana i nā hakahaka e pili ana i nā hemahema i kū i mua e nā ʻāina e like me Chile a me Bolivia. Minamina, ʻaʻohe ala iki no kēia mau ʻāina e hāʻawi i kahi mea hōʻeuʻeu no kā lākou poʻe hana mākaukau a mākaukau loa e noho, no laila e hoʻomau ʻia kēia mea i kumu.

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Noho ʻia ka ʻāpana hānai e nā wahine ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa a ʻike ʻia kēia ʻano ma Latin America, kahi o ka hapanui o nā kahu hānai wahine. I loko nō naʻe o ka Latin America kahi ipu hoʻoheheʻe o ka hoʻomanawanui moʻomeheu, ʻaʻole hiki i ka honua ke hoʻoluliluli i ka stereotype o ke kaiāulu e ʻōlelo nei he kāne kauka nā kāne a he wahine hānai nā wahine. ʻO ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana a me ka neʻe ʻana ma ʻō aku o kēia ʻike archaic e kōkua ia e kaohi i ka nui o ka nele o ka hānai hānai honua.

Nā Kiʻina Hanai Nalu Key no Peru

Ma ke kūpono, e hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou mākaʻikaʻi i nā helu kūpono no kēlā me kēia ʻāina Lākina ʻAmelika me kahi hiʻohiʻona o ka ʻoihana kahu hānai a Peru. Ke kū nei nā ʻāina he nui i nā hemahema hānai, akā hiki paha iā Peru ke hoʻopiha i nā hemahema i kēia ʻāpana a hiki i ka makahiki 2020. I kēlā manawa, ua koho ʻia he 66% o nā palekeiki a me 74% o nā kahu maʻi. Aia ma kahi o 23 nā limahana olakino no ka heluna 10,000, e hoʻolilo ana iā Peru i hoʻokahi o nā limahana limahana Latin ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa maikaʻi loa i ka ʻāpana olakino. Eia nō naʻe, pilikia paha ka hapanui o nā kahu hānai o Peru a me nā haumāna puka pale keiki i ka hoʻolimalima ʻia i nā makahiki ʻelua o kā lākou ʻoihana.

Nā kiʻina kahu maʻi nui no Colombia

Ma Colombia, aia wale nō ma kahi o 6 mau kahu maʻi i kēlā me kēia 10,000 poʻe. I loko nō o ia helu, ʻo ka nui o ke ola o ka ʻāina ma kahi o 79. Me ka heluna kanaka holoʻokoʻa ma kahi o 50 miliona, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike aia ma kahi o 30,000 nā kahu maʻi i hana ʻia ma Columbia. ʻO ka uku uku no kahi kahu ma Colombia ma kahi o 29,000,000 COP, e holo ana ma kahi o 14,000 COP i kēlā me kēia hola. E hoʻokau i kēlā i ke kuanaʻike, aia ma kahi o $ 4 USD i kēlā me kēia hola. ʻOiai, me nā uku e like me kēlā, kūpono ka moemoeā o nā kahu wahine Kolomiana e neʻe i kahi ʻāina kahi 5x ka uku o ka hola.

Nā Kiʻina Hanai Liʻiliʻi Key no Brazil

He 4 mau kahu hānai ma Brazil no kēlā me kēia kamaʻāina he 10,000 - kahi helu haʻahaʻa loa no kēia metric a me kahi e hōʻike ana i ka hemahema maopopo. Me ka heluna heluna kanaka ma kahi o 209 miliona, ʻo ia hoʻi aia ma kahi o 80,000 nā kahu hānai e hana nei ma Brazil i kēia manawa. Eia nō naʻe, he ʻāina nui ka ʻāina me ka nui o nā kaona kaiāulu, nui nā wahi kaiāulu ma Brazil kahi paʻakikī a hiki ʻole paha ke kiʻi i ka mālama olakino a i ʻole ka pale keiki. ʻOiai ma nā kūlanakauhale nui e like me Rio de Janeiro aia kekahi mau hanana kahi e pono ai ke kuhina olakino o ka ʻāina e hoʻolimalima i nā limahana lapaʻau ma kahi manawa pōpilikia ma muli o nā pilikia kālā i haʻalele i nā haukapila a me nā keʻena lapaʻau pokole.

Nā Kiʻi Nursing Key no Argentina

Me 4 mau kahu hānai no kēlā me kēia 1,000 poʻe, ua hoʻokomo ʻia ʻo ʻAtenina i ka papa inoa o nā ʻāina he 30 kiʻekiʻe me ka hapa nui o ka hānai hānai. Ma kahi ʻāina i ʻoi aku ma mua o 44 miliona mau kānaka, aia ma kahi o 18,000 nā kahu hānai. He mea hoihoi e hoʻomaopopo he kaulana ko kēia ʻāina i ka lako o nā kauka, no laila aia kahi hemahema ʻano ʻē a kū hoʻokahi hoʻi ma laila i ʻoi aku ka nui o nā kauka i nā kauka akā ʻaʻole lawa nā kahu maʻi. ʻO ka mea e mahalo ai, ʻelua mau makahiki i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ʻole o ka hemahema hānai a ʻAtetina ma mua o ʻelua mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a manaʻo nā mea loiloi he nui ka hopena ma muli o ka neʻe ʻana i nā ʻāina ʻē kahi e loaʻa ai nā mākau i nā uku kiʻekiʻe.

Nā Kiʻina Hanai Nalu Key no Bolivia

Aia he heluna heluna nui o Bolivia ma kahi o 11 miliona a aia ma kahi o 1 kahu maʻi no kēlā me kēia mea he 1,000 mau kānaka. ʻO ka manaʻo aia ma kahi o 1100 mau kahu hānai i ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa. ʻO kēia kahi o nā hemahema kahu hānai maikaʻi loa ma Latin America, kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole kahaha i ka wā e ʻike ai ʻoe ua koho ʻia ʻo Bolivia i hoʻokahi o nā ʻāina ʻilihune loa o ka honua. ʻO nā ʻeha o ka hoʻokele waiwai o kēia wahi e lilo ia i wahi hoʻopiʻi ʻole no nā kahu hānai mākaukau a me nā palekeiki e noho no ka mea aneane nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi i ka uku no ka hana like.

Nā helu mālama mālama kī no Chile

Kāhāhā ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka ʻike ʻana i ka nele o ka hānai ma Chile, no ka mea ʻike nui ʻia ua hāʻawi manuahi ke aupuni i ka hoʻonaʻauao i nā kamaʻāina āpau. Eia nō naʻe, me ka nui o nā manawa kūpono e koho ai mai, kahu hānai a me ka pale keiki e lilo i ʻoihana makemake ʻole ʻia. ʻOi aku ka heluna nui o ka ʻāina ma mua o 18,000,000 a aia he 0.145 kahu maʻi wale no no 1000 poʻe. ʻO ia kekahi o nā mea nui loa o nā kahu hānai ma ka honua, a inā ʻaʻole i koho ʻia ka hana i nā haumāna e hiki mai ana, ʻaʻole paha e hoʻonā koke ʻia ka hapa.

Nā helu kahu hānai no ʻEkuuador

ʻAʻole maikaʻi ka hemahema hānai ma ʻEkuador e like me ia ma nā ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻē aʻe, me kahi o nā kahu maʻi 2 no 1000 poʻe. Ua ʻike ka lāhui i ka ulu nui ʻana o ka nui o nā kahu maʻi hou i kū mai ma waena o nā makahiki 1998 a me 2008, e ʻike nei i ka hoʻonui ʻana mai 5 / 10,000 a ʻoi aku ma mua o 18 / 10,000 i loko o ia wā. Eia nō naʻe, he helu kiʻekiʻe loa ʻo Ecuador o nā haʻalele kula kiʻekiʻe a he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō o ka heluna kanaka e hele maoli i kahi kula nui, no laila ʻaʻole paha e hoʻomau ka ʻoihana kahu hānai i kāna ʻano piʻi i waho o ka nalu o ka hoʻomaha ʻana o nā pēpē pēpē e haʻalele. ka poʻe hana ma waena o 2020-2025.

Nā helu kahu hānai no Guatemala

ʻO Guatemala kekahi moku ʻē aʻe o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i haʻahaʻa loa ka helu o nā kahu maʻi i kēlā me kēia capita ma 0.864 wale nō no nā kamaʻāina he 1,000. Me ka heluna kanaka ma mua o 14,000,000 a me kahi hoʻokele waiwai i loaʻa kahi āpau waiwai nui ma waena o nā kamaʻāina ʻilihune a waiwai loa, makemake nui ʻo Guatemala i nā kahu maʻi hou a me nā palekeiki. Me ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻoihana waiwai nui loa ma Central America, he ʻāina kēia kahi i noho ilihune ma mua o 60% o ka poʻe. ʻOiai manuahi ka hoʻonaʻauao ma kēia ʻāina, lako nā lako e pono ai e hoʻopau i ke kula no ka kamaʻāina maʻamau, e hana ana i mea pale no nā haumāna lapaʻau.

Nā Helu Mālama no Mekiko

ʻAʻole kūpono ia e uhi i ka hanai hānai a ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa me ka kūkākūkā ʻole ʻana i ke kūlana o Mekiko i kēia manawa. Ua hōʻike aku nei ke aupuni o ka ʻāina he 255,000 mau kahu hānai hou e pono ai e kū i nā kulekele o ka World Health Organization no ka loaʻa ʻana he 6 kahu maʻi no 100,000 poʻe noho. I kēia manawa, ʻo Mexico wale nō ma kahi o 4 kahu maʻi no 100,000, me ka huina o kahi hapalua miliona mau kahu hānai e lawelawe ana i kahi lehulehu ma mua o 129 miliona. ʻO nā wahi me ka hapa nui o nā hemahema hānai ma Mekiko ʻo Veracruz, Michoacan, Queratero, a me Puebla.

Nā helu kahu hānai no ka Caribbean

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ʻoiai hui pū ʻia ka Caribbean a me ka ʻAmelike ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i loko o ka māhele like like, pono wale nō e kūkākūkā pū me nā helu helu o kēia wahi. Aia ma kahi o 1.25 mau kahu maʻi i kēlā me kēia poʻe noho ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania Caribbean. Unuhi ʻia ma kahi o 1,000 mau kahu maʻi e hana nei i kēia māhele. E like me ka 8,000, 2006 ka makemake nui ʻole o nā kahu hānai ma ka Caribbean. I ka makahiki 3,300, manaʻo ʻia e hiki aku ka helu i ka 2025. I kēlā me kēia 10,000 mau makahiki, ma kahi o 5 mau kahu hānai e haʻalele i ka Caribbean e neʻe i nā ʻāina uku kiʻekiʻe. Hōʻike kēia helu i ka pilikia maʻamau i loaʻa i nā ʻāina he nui ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

No ke aha e koho ai nā haumāna i nā papahana pūnaewele ma luna o nā kula

Ma ka heluhelu ʻana i nā helu helu ma luna a me nā ʻike, hoʻomaka ʻoe e ʻike i kahi kiʻi maopopo loa o kahi ʻāina kahi e ʻimi nei i kahi ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he kahu hānai ʻaʻole ia e like me ke koho ʻoihana pono loa. Ke koho nei nā haumāna he nui i ke ala pūnaewele no ka mea hāʻawi ia iā lākou i ka hiki ke hōʻoia ʻia e kahi kulanui ʻē. ʻO nā palapala hōʻoia i hāʻawi ʻia e nā kula i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā ʻāina kūkulu i makemake nui ʻia.

ʻO ke kekelē mai ke Kulanui ʻAmelika a i ʻole ʻEulopa paha e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma luna o kahi noi hana e hiki mai ana ma mua o ke kēkelē kahu hānai i loaʻa mai kahi kula liʻiliʻi a i ʻole pohihihi paha ma Central a me ʻAmelika Hema. ʻO kēlā mea wale nō e hoʻonāukiuki pinepine i nā haumāna pīhoihoi e alualu i kahi aʻo ma waho a i ʻole ma o kahi ʻoihana aʻo mamao pūnaewele. I ka panina ʻana, hāʻawi nā papahana kekelē pūnaewele i ka hanohano ma mua o nā kula ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ka mea i unuhi i ka neʻe hou aku a me nā manawa holomua i ka ʻoihana.

 

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ʻO Linda Hohnholz ka Lunahooponopono no eTurboNew. Aia ʻo ia ma ka eTN HQ ma Honolulu, Hawaii.