Culinary Culture ʻO Nūhou Wahi a ʻItalia News Hoʻomākaʻikaʻi Nūhou Kaʻa Huakaʻi Trending Ano, Waina & ʻUhane

ʻAʻohe mea hou i ka waina ʻo Italia: Hele ʻia nā hua waina

Artist: Miki De Goodaboom

ʻO Italia wale nō ka ʻāina ma ka honua me ka mahiʻai waina ma kona mau ʻāina a pau, e hoʻomaka ana mai ke kahakai moana a hiki i ka wāwae o nā mauna ʻo Apennine, nā Alps Italia a me nā Dolomites. Ke ulu nei nā kumu waina mai ka latitu o 36 degere ma ka mokupuni hema loa o Pantelleria a hiki i 47 degere ma ke awāwa Alpine o Valtelina.

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  1. Ulu lākou ma nā ʻāpana pedoclimatic ʻokoʻa loa (kahi microclimate i loko o ka lepo e hoʻohui i nā hopena hui o ka mahana, ka wai a me ka ea).
  2. Ma kahi kokoke i 28 pakeneka o nā ʻano hua waina o ka honua he ʻōiwi maoli ia i Italia.
  3. ʻOi aku ma mua o 85 pākēneka o ka ʻāina ʻo Italia i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka māla waina me nā ʻano lōʻihi i hoʻokumu ʻia (ʻoiai ʻaʻohe ʻano ʻano nui).

Loaʻa ka waina me ka ʻole o Italia?

He mea hoihoi ia e hoʻomaopopo i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka politika ikaika o ka ʻāina (a hiki i ka hapa ʻelua o ke kenekulia 19), a me ke koʻikoʻi o nā mākeke kūloko (e like me ka hopena o nā makahiki 1970), ʻo ka ʻokoʻa o nā kūlana ulu i alakaʻi iā Italia e mālama i kahi. ka waiwai nui o nā ʻano hua waina mai ka wā kahiko.

ʻOkoʻa a paʻakikī nā waina

ʻO Sangiovese, ka huawaina ʻulaʻula Italia i ulu nui ʻia ma ka ʻāina, ʻaʻole uhi i ka 12 pākēneka o ka ʻāina e ulu ana i ke kumu waina, ʻoiai ʻo kāna hoa waina keʻokeʻo, ʻo Trebbiano Toscano, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o 7 pākēneka, e hoʻohālikelike ana i ka ulu ʻana o ka waina Italia. Ua manaʻo ʻo Ampelologist Anna Schneider aia ma kahi o 2000 mau ʻano hua waina maoli i mahi ʻia ma Italia (e like me 2006). Manaʻo nā poʻe loea ʻē aʻe ma kahi o 1000 o nā ʻano hua waina i mahi ʻia ma Italia i ʻike ʻia i ka genetically a ua hoʻohana ʻia he 600 e hana ai. nā waina i nā helu koʻikoʻi.

Kakau Lahui o na ano waina

Inā ʻaʻole i helu ʻia kahi ʻano hua waina ma ka National Registry, ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa nā mea kanu mai ka ʻano like ʻole no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā kahu hānai. I kēia manawa aia he 461 mau ʻano hua waina maʻamau, akā ke hana nei nā poʻe pilikino a me nā hui e hoʻokomo i nā mea ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā huawaina he iwakālua i kanu ʻia ma Italia, he 16 mau kānaka maoli a ʻehā mau ʻāina (Merlot, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio a me Cabernet Sauvignon) me Merlot a me Chardonnay i ka ʻumi kiʻekiʻe.

Nā ʻano hua waina: Māhele ʻia i ʻekolu mau ʻāpana

  1. ʻōiwi (a ʻōiwi paha)
  • International (a i ʻole haole)
  • Traditional

Manaʻo ʻia nā hua waina inā "hānau ʻia" lākou ma kahi kikoʻī a ua pili pū me ia wahi. Hiki paha i ka nui o nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "nā hua waina maoli ʻo Italia" no ka Helene a i ʻole ka Middle East, i lawe ʻia mai e nā legionnaires Roma, nā mea kālepa Phoenician a me nā kolone Helene. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Ian D'Agata, "ʻO ka ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi, ʻaʻole nā ​​​​mea āpau ʻO nā hua waina o Italia No laila, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka wehewehe ʻana i kēlā mau ʻano ʻano ʻōiwi maoli a ʻaʻole hoʻi i ʻōlelo maoli ʻia ke kumu.

Fragile

ʻAʻole paʻakikī nā hua waina maoli (ʻaʻole like me Cabernet Sauvignon a me Chardonnay) a maʻalahi hoʻi e:

  1. ʻO kaʻili
  • Hua'ōlelo
  • ʻO nā ʻano hana waina kahiko (ʻo ia hoʻi, ke ʻohi ʻana i nā hua waina a pau i ka manawa like, me ka nānā ʻole i ke oʻo maikaʻi loa)
  • Ka 'ole o ka ho'oma'ema'e 'ana o ka hale (e hā'awi ana i ka pō'ino waina)
  • ʻO ke aniau
  • ʻO ka oʻo kūpono ʻole o nā hua waina

Ka hopena (i kekahi mau hihia):

  1. ʻOkoʻa ka ʻono o ka waina Italia mua ma mua o ka waina o kēia manawa
  • Hoʻopuka nā huawaina i nā pūʻulu ʻāwīwī e hiki ai ke hoʻohua liʻiliʻi
  • Pono nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole i hoʻokahe ʻia a ʻaʻohe waiʻona e hōʻike ana i nā waina ʻeleʻele a pālahalaha
  • ʻOkoʻo nā hua waina i nā manawa like ʻole me nā hua ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻaʻole i oʻo ma hope o nā hua i oʻo loa. Hiki ke hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā hua ʻai ʻole; akā naʻe, he kumu kūʻai nui ia, hoʻopau manawa i hana ʻia e ka lima a i ʻole ka mīkini hoʻokaʻina ʻike maka nui. Inā ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻia ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka waina e loaʻa ana i ka ʻala ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me ka ʻono.
  • Hiki i nā ʻenehana hana waina hou ke pilikia i nā hua waina maoli o Italia a hiki ke hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia ke kuleana o nā mea hū. Hiki ke alakaʻi i nā hopena enological ʻē aʻe i nā ʻano hū ʻokoʻa i hoʻohana ʻia i ka fermentation alcoholic ʻoiai ke hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻano hua waina like, ulu ʻia i nā ʻāina like.

Nā ʻano hua waina ʻōiwi (Curated)

1.            Aglianico del Taburno DOCG (La Fortezza Soc. Agr. Srl). Hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke ʻano he DOC ma 1986; lilo i DOCG i ka makahiki 2011. Native to Campania, Basilicata (nā ʻāpana hema) hua waina i nā ʻulaʻula piha piha a me nā rosa. Me Sangiovese a me Nebbiolo, ʻo Aglianico kekahi o nā ʻano Italia nui ʻekolu. Ua kapa pinepine ʻia ka waina mai kēia ʻano ʻo Barolo o ka Hema ma muli o kona hiki ke hana i nā waina i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia. ʻO ka waina i hana ʻia mai Aglianico he garnet hohonu i ka maka me ka ʻala kokoleka a me ka plum a makemake e piha i ke kino me ka paʻa paʻa, ka waikawa kiʻekiʻe a me ka hiki ke ʻelemakule maikaʻi. Ke ulu aʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hua a ʻoi aku ke kaulike o nā tannins.

2.            La Fortezza. 100 pakeneka Aglianico del Taburno DOCG. ʻO Ruby ʻulaʻula i ka maka, ʻike ka ihu i ka ʻala o nā hua ʻeleʻele hihiu. He palupalu ma ka palale me nā ʻōlelo leʻaleʻa o ka jam cherry ʻeleʻele. ʻOhi lima ʻia nā hua waina i ka hopena o ʻOkakopa a hoʻopau i 8 mau mahina ma ke kila, he 10 mau mahina hou ma barrique a laila ma nā barela. Pono e hoʻokaʻawale maikaʻi ʻia kēia waina ma mua o ka inu ʻana. E lawelawe me ka pāpaʻi, ka ʻiʻo (ʻoi aku ka ʻōpala, nā ʻū a me nā ʻuala) a/a i ʻole ka paʻakai kahiko.

3.            Lambrusco Modena DOC (Cantina Ventiventi Societa Agricola Il Borghetto). Pono e ulu nā hua waina ma ka ʻāina ʻo Modena a hoʻokomo i nā ʻano like ʻole (85-100 pakeneka): Grasparossa Lambrusco, Lambrusco Salami, Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Marani, Lambrusco Maestri, Lambrusco Montericco, Oliva Lambrusco (hoʻohana wale ʻia a ʻae ʻia. hoʻohui o Ancellotta no ka waihoʻoluʻu) nā hua waina, Malbo Gentile a/a i ʻole nā ​​hua waina Fontana (a hiki i ka 15 pakeneka). Hoʻopuka nā hua waina i ka waina ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula me ka waihoʻoluʻu ruby, ka ʻala a me ka ʻono ma ka palale i hoʻonui ʻia me nā moʻo pua.

Pumehana ke ea me ke kau wela a me ka hooilo. ʻO ka lepo ma ka pāpū ʻo Emilia Romagna he waiwai nui i nā paʻakai mineral a ʻo nā māla waina ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka puʻu e hoʻomalu ʻia e ka pālolo me ka pōhaku one, e hana ana i nā waina māmā a hauʻoli i ka wā ʻōpiopio.

Hiki i nā waina ke ulu i loko o ka'ōmole a pinepine i ka fermented me ka hoʻohanaʻana i nāʻano kuʻuna. ʻAʻole ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kaomi ʻana ma mua o 80 lita, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka Champagne. Hana ʻia ka fermentation ma nā mahana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa (23-25 ​​degere) e mālama i nā ʻala hua hou a unuhi i kahi helu liʻiliʻi o nā tannins.

•             Cantina Ventiventi Rose Lambrusco Di Modenado. 100 pakeneka Sorbara huawaina.

No ka ʻohana Razzaboni kēia māla waina ma ke kaona ʻo Modenese ʻo Medolla. Hoʻohana ka pā waina i ka Metodo Classico, e hana ana i nā waina hou a ʻokoʻa. Ua hōʻoia ʻia i ka organik ma 2019, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka ʻohi mīkini no nā hola anuanu o ka lā. Hoʻomaʻalili ʻia nā hua waina a kaomi mālie. Hana ʻia ka Fermentation ma lalo o nā mahana i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ke kila kila a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa anuanu lōʻihi i ke kila. Hoʻohui ʻia ka pono a me ka fermentation lua i loko o ka ʻōmole e hana ʻia ma lalo o nā mahana i mālama ʻia.

ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula i ka maka, me nā hua ʻulaʻula maikaʻi i ka ihu. Malū a ʻono ma ka palate i kaulike ʻia e ka minerality. Hoʻonui ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe a me ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka perlage. E hui pū me ka iʻa.

4.            Trebbiano d'Abruzzo DOC (e like me ka French Ugni Blanc)

He ʻāina waina ʻo Abruzzo ma ka waena-hikina o Italia ma ke kahakai o ke Kai Adriatic. Wahi a nā kānāwai DOC mana, pono e hana ʻia kahi waina Trebbiano d'Abruzzo mai ka liʻiliʻi o 85 - 100 pakeneka o Trebbiano Toscano a i ʻole Trebbiano Abruzzese a i ʻole ka hui pū ʻana o nā hui ʻelua.

Ua kākau ʻia ka hua waina Trebbiano d'Abruzzo i ka makahiki 1856 e Raffaele Sersante nāna i ʻike i ka kaulana a me ka laha ʻana o nā ʻano hua waina i nā māla waina. He hua waina waina keʻokeʻo kiʻekiʻe ia i puka mai ma ka Hema-Eastern Mediterranean. Hoʻoulu maikaʻi ʻia ma ka lepo argillo-calcareous. I kēia manawa, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hapalua o nā waina keʻokeʻo ma ka ʻāina.

He gula ke kala o ka waina, maʻamau maloʻo a me nā hua-i mua me kahi puʻupuʻu palupalu o nā hua melemele, nā ʻāpala, ka lemona a me nā pua keʻokeʻo i ka ihu. Loaʻa i ka palate ke kaulike, ka acidity hoʻoulu, ka maʻalahi, nā plum melemele nani. Hoʻohana kekahi mau mea hana i ka barela fermentation a/a i ʻole ka barrel maturation e hoʻohui i ka paʻakikī, ka hohonu a me ke kino. ʻO ia wale nō ka DOC ma Abruzzo e hoʻolaha wale ana i ka waina keʻokeʻo. Inu ʻōpio a me ke anu. E hui pū me ka pasta iʻa, ka risotto, ka sopa meaʻai, ka iʻa i kālua ʻia a i ʻole ka iʻa.

•             ʻO Azienda Vinicola Talmonti. 100 pakeneka Trebbiano

Hoʻomaka ʻia e ka ʻohana Di Tonno ma Abruzzi ka māla waina he 32 ʻeka i haku ʻia me ka pālolo limestone, lepo calcareous i kūkulu ʻia a hoʻokahe ʻia, 300 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai. Hana ʻia kahi koho pono o nā hua waina i ka hoʻomaka o Kepakemapa. Wehe ʻia nā ʻōpala waina a hahai ʻia e kahi maceration pōkole pōkole o nā hua waina i ʻoki ʻia i ke kila kila a ukali ʻia e ka kaomi palupalu a me ka decanting o ka pono. ʻO ka fermentation waiʻona me ka hū i koho ʻia he 10 mau lā; hana ʻia ka ʻōmole i kekahi mau mahina ma hope o ka ʻohi ʻana.

ʻO kahi kala mauʻu haʻahaʻa me nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo e leʻaleʻa i ka maka, e hōʻike ana i kahi bouquet waiwai i hoʻonui ʻia e nā ʻala pua o nā violets me nā ʻōniʻoniʻo o ka ʻāpala, cherry a me ka peach i ka ihu. ʻO kahi manawa pōkole i loko o ka barela e hoʻohua ai i ka waina me nā tannins ʻeleʻele akā ʻike ʻole ʻia a ʻo ka hopena he ʻokiʻoki, maʻemaʻe a hou. E lawelawe ma ke ʻano he aperitif a/ai ʻole me ka moa, ka iʻa, ka puaʻa a me ka ham.

5.            ʻO Aglianico Riserva (La Guardiense - Sannio 2014)

ʻO Aglianico kahi hua waina ʻeleʻele i ulu ma nā ʻāpana hema o Italia (Basilicata a me Campania). Ua manaʻo ʻia aia ma Helene a mahi ʻia e ka poʻe Phocian mai kahi kumu waina ʻike ʻole ʻia; akā naʻe, ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka loiloi DNA o kēia wā i kēia manaʻo no ka mea ʻaʻole ia e pili i nā ʻano hua waina Helene ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻike mua ʻia nā ʻano like ʻole ma ka paʻi ʻana ma ke ʻano he wahine plural Aglianiche (1520). Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Oenologist Denis Duboudieu "ʻo Aglianico paha ka hua waina me ka mōʻaukala mea kūʻai lōʻihi loa o nā mea āpau." Ua hoʻohana ʻia e hana i ka waina Falemian i ka wā Roma, ka waina kaulana loa i hana ʻia ma Roma kahiko a mahalo ʻia e Pliny the Elder.

ʻO Agianico kahi waina ʻulaʻula me ke ʻano, ka waiʻona ola a me ka hiki ke ʻelemakule. ʻO nā mea ʻala pua, a i kekahi manawa ke komo nā tannins hiki ʻole ke hoʻāʻo e hauʻoli i ka minerality ʻono. He mea maʻalahi, a hiki ke hauʻoli ʻia nā waina mai kēia ʻano like ʻole i nā ʻōpio a me nā makahiki. Hoʻohālikelike pinepine ʻia me Nebbiolo, ka hua waina nui o Barolo a me Barbaresco. Hoʻopili ʻia me ka ʻāina ʻo Campania ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Italia mai ke Kai Tyrrhenian me Naples, Pompeii, ke kahakai ʻo Amalfi, Salerno a me Paestrum. E ulu ana ma Basilicata.

(La Guardiense - Sannio 2014). 100 pakeneka Aglianico

ʻOliʻoli ka maka me ka ʻulaʻula hohonu a me ka ʻeleʻele a ʻike ka ihu i ka hui ʻana o ke cherry me ka vanilla (mai nā pahu), i hui pū ʻia me nā memo spicy. Hoʻonanea ʻia ka palate me nā tannins e hana i kahi ʻono palupalu a silika.

ʻOhi ʻia nā hua waina i ka hapa lua o ʻOkakopa. ʻO ka maceration ma nā ʻili no 18 mau lā me ka pau ʻana o kekahi mau lā i kēlā me kēia lā, 20 pakeneka o ke koko. ʻO ka apres-ski kūpono; e hui pū me ka ʻai pasta/ʻiʻo, ka sopa meaʻai, ka malo puaʻa, ke keiki hipa kālua, a me nā ʻiʻo i hoʻōla ʻia.

6.            Sfozato (hoʻoikaika i ka hua waina) DOCG

Hoʻopuka ʻo Sfozato i kahi waina ʻulaʻula ikaika e pili ana i ka ʻano hua waina Nebbiolo ma Valtellina, kahi moku ma ka ʻāina Lombardy o ka ʻĀkau o Italia. Loaʻa ia i nā pae waiʻona kiʻekiʻe a me ka ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hoʻomaloʻo ʻana i nā hua waina (passito). Koho ʻia nā hua waina maikaʻi loa a pono e hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā hua popopo a i ʻole nā ​​​​hua i ʻino ʻia e like me ka hoʻomaloʻo ʻana i nā hemahema.

Hoʻomoe ʻia nā pūpū a pau ma luna o nā moena mauʻu i loko o nā hale hoʻoheheʻe maikaʻi ʻia kahi e noho ai lākou no 3-4 mau mahina, me ka nalowale o kēlā me kēia hua ma kahi o 40 pākēneka o kona kaumaha ma muli o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ʻana o ka wai e hoʻopaʻa ai i ke kō maoli o nā hua waina. Hoʻololi ka wai i loko o ka syrup momona a hoʻopuka ka Sforzato maʻamau i ka waina piha piha, kiʻekiʻe i ka waiʻona a momona i ka ʻono e hāʻawi ana i nā ʻala paʻakikī o nā mea ʻala ʻono (ʻo ia hoʻi, ka licorice, cloves a me ke kinamona), nā plums stewed, prunes a me nā hua waina. nā hōʻailona o ka tar a me nā roses.

•             ʻO Azienda Agricola Alberto Marsetti

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka māla waina ma 1986 e Alberto Marsetti a ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei ʻo Nebbiolo i ka momona o ka ʻono me nā kūlana kūpono. Aia ka māla waina he 10 mau ʻeka ma Sondrio kahi i one ka lepo ma muli o ka wāwahi ʻana o nā pōhaku i luna.

ʻO Sfursat della Valtellina DOCG ka mea kahiko loa o nā waina Valtellina. Ua haʻi ʻo Ortensio Lando (1540) a me nā palapala ʻē aʻe iā Sforzato ma mua o 1300. Ua manaʻo ʻia ka waina no ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻohana a lawelawe ʻia ma ke ʻano he lāʻau hoʻihoʻi no nā maʻi. I kēia lā, ʻike ʻia ka ʻano ʻano he waina maikaʻi o Valtellina. ʻO ka makahiki ma nā barriques, hoʻomohala ka waina i kahi ʻala ikaika o morello-cherry i loko o ka waiʻona me nā tannin palupalu a me ka acidity maikaʻi. E hui pū me ke kokoleka ʻeleʻele.

ʻO ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā hua waina maoli

ʻIke ʻia nā hua waina laʻa e nā huaʻōlelo he nui e like me ka pohihihi, esoteric, weird, indigenous, autochthonous a poina paha. Hiki paha i ka mea kūʻai waina maʻamau ke noʻonoʻo no ke aha e hauʻoli nui ai nā somms a i ʻole nā ​​​​geeks waina i ka "ʻike" i kahi hua waina kahiko. He mea nui e hoʻomaopopo i ka lawe ʻana i ka inu waina i hana ʻia mai kahi hua waina pohihihi he "kiʻekiʻe" no ka mea e hāʻawi ana i kahi ʻokoʻa a me ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka ʻono no ka mea inu waina. Ke koi nui nei ka ʻokoʻa i ka honua waina a ʻo ka hiki ʻana o nā haneli (a i ʻole mau tausani) o nā ʻano hua waina ʻaʻole ia he mea nui wale nō ma ke ʻano he misionari, e mālama ana i ka ʻokoʻa i ka honua mea kanu, akā hāʻawi pū kekahi i kahi laina pale i ke alo o ka hoʻomehana honua.

Ua hoʻomaka nā ʻāina waina ma ʻEulopa i nā kahu hānai e mālama i nā ʻano ʻano ʻōiwi. Ma ka hema o Palani, mālama ʻia ʻo Domaine de Vassal, kahi kahu hānai mokuʻāina (1878) ma kahi o 7800 mau ʻano ʻano, ka hōʻiliʻili nui loa ma ka honua. Ma Savoie, Palani, ʻimi ka Alpine Ampelography Center i nā ʻano like ʻole. Loaʻa iā ia kāna hānai ponoʻī, hana i nā micro-vinification a mālama i kahi hālāwai kūkā makahiki. ʻO Wine Mosaic, i hoʻomaka ʻia e Lean-Luc Etievent a me Arnaud Daphy, paipai i ka pale ʻana i nā ʻano hua waina mua o ka Mediterranean.

Manaʻo ka poʻe "mālama i nā kumu waina" e pono ke hoʻololi i ke aniau i nā hua waina ʻē aʻe e ulu i ka wā e hiki mai ana, ʻo nā mea ʻaʻole e oʻo koke, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ke ahi e ka lā a i ʻole ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka acidity a i ʻole ka tannic maikaʻi ma mua o nā ʻano kumu. Ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia nei nā ʻano mea kahiko ma muli o ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā hopena o ka hoʻohua ʻana a ua pilikia nā ʻano kumu nui i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau. Ke hoʻāʻo nei ka honua waina e mākaukau no ka hoʻololi a me ka hoʻolaʻa hou ʻana i nā ʻano ʻano kahiko no nā hoʻonā hou.

© Kauka Elinor Garely. ʻAʻole hiki ke kope ʻia kēia ʻatikala kope, me nā kiʻi, me ka ʻole o ka ʻae palapala ʻia mai ka mea kākau.

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ʻO Kauka Elinor Garely - kūikawā i eTN a me ka luna hoʻoponopono, wines.travel

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