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Piʻi ka poʻe i ka wā o ka maʻi pandemia me nā hana hou hou loa

ʻO Bill Gates
ʻO Bill Gates

ʻO Bill Gates kahi leka i ka honua

Hōʻike ka ʻikepili hou i ka piʻi ʻana o ka honua e pale i nā hanana hihia maikaʻi ʻole mai ka hanana ʻana; pono nā kukui uila i nā hoʻopukapuka wā lōʻihi e hōʻoia i ka hoʻihoʻi kaulike a me ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka holomua i nā Pahuhopu Global, i ʻike ʻia ʻo UN Sustainable Development Goals.

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  • Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation i kēia lā i ka Hōʻikeʻike Goalkeepers ʻelima makahiki, e hōʻike ana i kahi hōkeo ʻikepili ākea ākea e hōʻike ana i ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka pandemia i ka holomua ʻana i nā Pahuhopu Hoʻomohala Lāhui Hui Pū ʻIa (Global Goals). 
  • ʻO ka hōʻike o kēia makahiki, i kākau pū ʻia e Bill Gates a me Melinda French Gates, nā noho noho o ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, e hōʻike nei i ka like ʻole o nā COVID-19 e noho mau nei, a ʻo nā mea i hōʻeha loa ʻia e ka maʻi ahulau lohi e hoʻi.
  • Ma muli o COVID-19, ua hoʻoneʻe ʻia he 31 miliona mau kānaka i ka ilihune loa i ka makahiki 2020 i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia me 2019. A ʻo 90% o nā ʻoihana mua loa e loaʻa hou nā pae loaʻa mua o ka pandemi ma kēlā me kēia makahiki, he hapakolu wale nō o ka haʻahaʻa a me ka waena. -e manaʻo ʻia nā economies e hana pēlā. 

ʻO ka mea pōmaikaʻi, i waena o kēia luku, piʻi ka honua i mea e pale ai i kekahi o nā hanana kūlana maikaʻi loa. I ka hōʻike Goalkeepers Goalkeepers o ka makahiki i hala, ua wānana ka Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) i ke kulu o 14 pākēneka pākēneka i ka uhi lāʻau laulā o ka honua - holoi pono i 25 mau makahiki o ka holomua i loko o 25 mau pule. Hōʻike ka loiloi hou mai IHME i ka emi, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia, ʻo ia wale nō ka hapalua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia. 

I loko o ka hōʻike, hōʻike nā noho hoa i ka "hana hou kupaianaha" i hiki wale ma muli o ke alu like ʻana o ka honua, ka hoʻokō ʻana, a me nā hoʻopukapuka kālā i nā makahiki he nui. Hoʻomaopopo lākou he mea mahalo ʻia ke awelika ʻana i nā hanana hihia ʻoi loa, akā naʻe naʻe ʻaʻole lākou i lawa. I mea e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ai i ka hoʻihoʻi kaulike ʻana mai ka maʻi ahulau, kāhea lākou i nā hoʻopukapuka wā lōʻihi i ke olakino a me nā hoʻokele waiwai - e like me nā mea i alakaʻi i ka hoʻomohala wikiwiki ʻana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau COVID-19 - e hoʻoikaika i nā hana hoʻōla a hoʻihoʻi i ka honua i ke ala hālāwai me nā Pahuhopu Global. 

"[ʻO ka makahiki i hala iho nei] ua hoʻokūpaʻa i ko mākou manaʻoʻiʻo hiki ke holomua akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻalo ʻia," kākau i nā noho hoa. "Inā hiki iā mākou ke hoʻonui i ka mea ʻoi loa o nā mea a mākou i ʻike ai i kēia mau mahina he 18 i hala iho nei, hiki iā mākou ke waiho i ka maʻi ahulau ma hope o mākou a e hoʻonui hou i ka holomua i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā pilikia e like me ke olakino, ka pōloli, a me ka loli."

Hōʻike ka hōʻike i ka hopena o ka hoʻokele waiwai i loaʻa i ka maʻi ahulau ma luna o nā wahine āpau. Ma nā ʻāina kiʻekiʻe a haʻahaʻa loaʻa kālā hoʻi, ua ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka hōʻeha ʻana o nā wahine ma mua o nā kāne ma muli o ke kūleʻa ʻana o ka honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka maʻi ahulau. 

"Kū nā wahine i nā pale kūkulu i kēlā me kēia kihi o ka honua, e waiho ana iā lākou i nā mea maʻalahi i nā hopena o ke ahulau," wahi a Melinda French Gates. "Ma ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i nā wahine i kēia manawa a me ka haʻi ʻana i kēia mau kaulike ʻole, hiki i nā aupuni ke hoʻoulu i ka hoʻihoʻi kaulike me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i kā lākou hoʻokele waiwai e kūʻē i nā pilikia o ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻAʻole wale ia ka mea kūpono e hana ai - akā he kulekele akamai e pōmaikaʻi ai nā mea āpau. "

Hōʻike pū ka hōʻike i ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "hana mana" o nā lāʻau āpau o COVID-19 ka hopena o nā makahiki he haneli o ka hoʻopukapuka, nā kulekele, a me nā pilina i hoʻokumu i nā ʻoihana, kālena, a me nā kaiaolaola e pono ai e hoʻokomo koke iā lākou. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo nā ʻōnaehana i ʻae no ka hoʻomohala mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻouka ʻana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau COVID-19 ma mua loa i nā ʻāina waiwai, a ʻo ka hopena, ʻaʻole i pōmaikaʻi like ka honua. 

"ʻO ka nele o ke komo kaulike ʻana i nā lāʻau āpau COVID-19 kahi pōʻino olakino lehulehu," wahi a Bill Gates. "Kūpono mākou i ka makaʻu maoli i ka wā e hiki mai ana, e hoʻomaka nā ʻāina waiwai a me nā kaiāulu i ka mālama ʻana iā COVID-19 a ʻo kekahi maʻi ʻilihune hoʻi. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke waiho i ka maʻi ahulau ma hope o mākou a hiki i ka poʻe āpau, me ka nānā ʻole i kahi a lākou e noho ai, ke komo i nā lāʻau āpau. "

Ma mua o 80% o nā lāʻau āpau āpau COVID-19 i lawelawe ʻia ma nā ʻāina kiʻekiʻe a waena o ka loaʻa kālā i kēia lā, me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ʻelua a ʻekolu paha manawa i ka helu e pono ai i hiki iā lākou ke uhi i nā mea hoʻoikaika; ma lalo o 1% o nā kau i lawelawe ʻia ma nā ʻāina loaʻa haʻahaʻa. Eia hou, ua hoʻopili ikaika ʻia ka loaʻa ʻana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau COVID-19 me nā wahi i loaʻa ai kahi lāʻau R&D a me ka hiki ke hana. ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika kahi home i 17% o ko ka honua heluna kanaka, no ka laʻana, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o 1% o ka hiki ke hana i nā lāʻau āpau. 

ʻO ka mea hope loa, kāhea ka hōʻike i ka honua e hoʻopukapuka i ka R&D, nā hanana, a me nā hana hou i nā wahi kokoke i ka poʻe e kū ana e pono.

"Pono mākou e hoʻopukapuka i nā hoa kūloko e hoʻoikaika i ka hiki o nā mea noiʻi a me nā mea hana i nā ʻāina loaʻa haʻahaʻa e hana i nā lāʻau āpau a me nā lāʻau e pono ai," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo CEO Gates Foundation ʻo Mark Suzman. "ʻO ke ala wale nō e hoʻoponopono ai i kā mākou mau pilikia olakino nui loa ma ke kiʻi ʻana i ka hana hou a me ke tālena o ka poʻe ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

I nā ʻano he nui, ua hoʻāʻo ka maʻi ahulau i ko mākou manaʻolana. Akā ʻaʻole ia i luku.

Ma lalo o nā kūlana paʻakikī i hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia, ua ʻike maka mākou i kahi hana hou kupaianaha.

Ua ʻike mākou i ka wikiwiki e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻololi i kā mākou lawena, ma ke ʻano he kanaka a me nā kaiāulu, ke koi ʻia e nā kūlana.

A i kēia lā, hiki iā mākou ke hōʻike pū aku i ka poʻe i kēlā me kēia wahi o ka honua e piʻi nei i luna e pale i ka holomua hoʻomohala a mākou i hana ai i mau makahiki he nui i ka wā e pili ana i nā SDG, ma ka liʻiliʻi, ka hopena o ka maʻi ahulau COVID-19 e mau nei. ʻoi aku paha ka maikaʻi loa.

He makahiki ia i hoʻokūpaʻa i ko mākou manaʻoʻiʻo hiki ke holomua akā ʻaʻole hiki ke pale ʻia. Nui ka hana a mākou e hana ai. A, ma ke ʻano he optimist ahonui, manaʻo mākou hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaka e aʻo mai nā kūleʻa a me nā kūleʻa ʻole o ka maʻi ahulau a hiki i kēia manawa. Inā hiki iā mākou ke hoʻonui i ka mea ʻoi loa o nā mea a mākou i ʻike ai i kēia mau mahina he 18 i hala iho nei, hiki iā mākou ke waiho i ka maʻi ahulau ma hope o mākou a e hoʻonui hou i ka holomua i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā pilikia e like me ke olakino, ka pōloli, a me ka loli.

He aha kekahi mau hopena e kōkua i ka heihei e hoʻopau i ka maʻi ahulau? E nānā iā Bill Gates a me ʻekolu mau mea kiaʻi i nā mea hana i hoʻohana ʻia no ke kaua ʻana iā COVID.

Heluhelu i ka hōʻike:

Hōʻike kaʻikepili i kahi moʻolelo kahaha

I loko o ka makahiki i hala iho nei, ʻaʻole hiki ke nānā pono ʻole i nā kūlike ʻole ʻaʻole wale i ka mea i loaʻa i ka maʻi a me ka mea i make - akā ʻo ka mea hoʻi e hele e hana, ʻo wai ka mea hiki ke hana mai ka home, a ua nalowale kā lākou mau hana. ʻO nā olakino olakino ka elemakule e like me nā ʻōnaehana olakino ponoʻī, akā ua lawe ia i kahi maʻi ākea ākea e hoʻomanaʻo ikaika i ka honua i kā lākou hopena.

ʻO nā miliona he nui i ka ʻilihune loa

No nā mea he nui, hoʻomau ka hopena o ka hoʻokele waiwai i ka maʻi ahulau a hoʻomau hoʻi. ʻIke mākou he ʻano ʻelele paha mākou e pili ana i kēia kumuhana — ʻo mākou ʻelua o ka poʻe pōmaikaʻi loa ma ka honua. A ua akāka loa ka maʻi ahulau. ʻO nā poʻe e like me mākou ua pale i ka maʻi ahulau ma ke ʻano maikaʻi, ʻoiai ʻo ka poʻe ʻoi loa ka hōʻeha ʻia i loaʻa i ka ʻoi loa a ʻoi paha ka lohi o ka hoʻihoʻi. Ua hoʻoneʻe ʻia he 31 miliona mau kānaka a puni ka honua i ka ʻilihune loa ma muli o COVID-19. ʻOiai ʻo 70% ka make ʻana o nā kāne mai COVID-19, hoʻomau ka hopena o nā wahine i ka hopena o ka hoʻokele a me ka pilikanaka o ka maʻi ahulau: I kēia makahiki, manaʻo ʻia ka hana a nā wahine ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa he 13 miliona mau hana ma lalo o ka pae 2019-ʻoiai nā kāne manaʻo nui ʻia ka hana e hoʻi hou i nā helu pre-pandemic.

ʻOiai hoʻoweliweli nā mea ʻokoʻa e hōʻino i ka holomua a mākou i hana ai, ke hoʻomaka nei kekahi mau ʻoihana e ola, ke lawe nei me lākou i ka wehe hou ʻana o ka ʻoihana a me ka hana ʻana. Akā kaulike ʻole ka hoʻōla ma waena o - a ma waena hoʻi - nā ʻāina. I ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, no ka laʻana, 90% o nā ʻoihana mua i manaʻo ʻia e loaʻa hou nā pae loaʻa mua o ka pandemika ma kēlā me kēia capita, ʻoiai ʻo ka hapakolu wale nō o nā ʻoihana haʻahaʻa a me waena e loaʻa ka mea like. Ke kū nei ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa iho i ka ilihune — a ʻo ia hoʻi kokoke 700 miliona mau kānaka, ka hapa nui o nā ʻāina haʻahaʻa a loaʻa waena, ke manaʻo ʻia nei e noho paʻa i ka ʻilihune loa ma 2030.

Ke ulu nei nā hakahaka i ke aʻo ʻana

Ke ʻike nei mākou i kahi moʻolelo like e pili ana i ka hoʻonaʻauao. Ma mua o ka maʻi ahulau, ʻeiwa o nā keiki he 10 ma nā ʻāina loaʻa haʻahaʻa i hiki ʻole ke heluhelu a hoʻomaopopo i kahi huaʻōlelo maʻamau, hoʻohālikelike ʻia i hoʻokahi o 10 mau keiki ma nā ʻāina loaʻa kiʻekiʻe.

Hōʻike nā hōʻike mua e ʻoi aku ka nui o nā lilo i ke aʻo ʻana ma waena o nā pūʻulu palena ʻole. ʻO ka ulu ulu ʻole ʻana o ka ʻike i loaʻa i nā ʻāina waiwai kekahi. Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, no ka laʻana, ke aʻo ʻana ma waena o nā haumāna ʻeleʻele a me Latino papa ʻekolu, ma ka awelika, pāpālua ʻia o nā haumāna keʻokeʻo a me ʻAmelika ʻAmelika. A ʻo ke aʻo ʻana i ka nalowale ma waena o nā haumāna papa ʻekolu mai nā kula ʻilihuna kiʻekiʻe he pākolu hoʻi ia o kā lākou mau hoa i nā kula ʻilihune haʻahaʻa.

Nui aʻe nā kamaliʻi e nalowale ana i nā lāʻau lapaʻau

I kēia manawa, ua hāʻule nā ​​helu o nā lāʻau lapaʻau ʻōpio o ka honua i nā pae i ʻike hope ʻia i ka 2005. Ma waena o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka maʻi ahulau a i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ke ola ʻana o nā lawelawe olakino i ka hapa lua o 2020, ua ʻoi aku ma mua o 30 miliona mau keiki a puni ka honua i kā lākou pale ʻana. ʻoi aku ma muli o ke ahulau. Hiki paha i ka hapa nui o kēia mau keiki ke loaʻa ʻole i nā kau.

Akā ma aneʻi, ua kāhāhā ka ʻikepili iā mākou: I hoʻokahi makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hōʻike mākou i ka Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation e manaʻo nei e hāʻule ana ka uhi ʻana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau i nā pākēneka he 14 ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa ma ka makahiki 2020, ʻo ia ka nui o 25 mau makahiki o ka holomua ʻana i lalo o ka ʻauwai. Akā ma muli o nā ʻike hou aku, like ke kulu maoli ʻana o ka uhi lāʻau pale — weliweli inā he — he hapalua wale nō ia. ShareLegend: 2020 Report2021 Hoike

Piʻi ka poʻe

Ke hoʻomau nei mākou i ka kānana ʻana i ka ʻikepili, ua ʻike ʻia ʻaʻole kēia he fluke: Ma nā hōʻike hoʻomohala nui he nui, ua piʻi ka honua i ka makahiki i hala e pale i kekahi o nā hanana hihia maikaʻi loa.

Lawe i ka malaria, no ka laʻana, ʻo ia kekahi o nā maʻi i hiki ʻole ke hoʻokō ʻole ʻia ma ka honua: 90% o nā hihia malaria i loaʻa ma ʻApelika. I ka makahiki i hala, ua wānana ka World Health Organization i nā hoʻoweliweli koʻikoʻi i nā hana pale pale malaria pono e hiki ai ke hoʻonohonoho i ka holomua ma hope o 10 mau makahiki-a me ka hopena i kahi make 200,000 hou aʻe mai kahi maʻi hiki ke pale ʻia. Ua kipaku kēlā kuhi i nā ʻāina he nui e hana e hōʻoia i ka hāʻawi ʻia ʻana o nā ʻupena moe a me ka loaʻa ʻana o nā lāʻau antimalarial. ʻO Benin, kahi o ka malaria ke kumu nui o ka make, a ua loaʻa pū kekahi ala e hōʻano hou ai i waenakonu o ka maʻi ahulau: Ua hana lākou i kahi ʻōnaehana hoʻolaha kikoʻī hou ʻia no nā ʻupena moe i mālama ʻia e ka insecticide, e kiʻi ana he 7.6 miliona mau ʻupena i nā home ma ka ʻāina i ka pono. 20 mau lā.

Hāʻawi ʻo Agent Jean Kinhouande i nā ʻupena namu ma ka moku Agla o Cotonou, Benin, e hakakā i ka malaria me ka hoʻowalewale ʻana i ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19. (Kiʻi na Yanick Folly / AFP ma o Getty Images, ʻApelila 28, 2020)
Cotonou, BeninPhoto ma ka ʻaoʻao a Yanick Folly / AFP ma o Getty Images

Kūpono lākou i ka mahalo o ka honua

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka nui o ka hopena o ka maʻi ahulau ma luna o nā SDG e lilo i mau makahiki e hoʻomaopopo piha ai, no ka mea he nui a me ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa. A ʻaʻole kēia ʻikepili e hōʻemi i ka ʻeha maoli o ka maʻi ahulau i hana ʻia no nā poʻe ma nā wahi āpau — mamao loa mai ia wahi. Akā ʻo ka mea hiki iā mākou ke kuhikuhi i nā hōʻailona maikaʻi ma waena o ka wā hoʻokahi-i-kahi-hanauna pandemia honua he mea kupaianaha. Me ka lima hoʻokahi i nakinaki ʻia ma hope o ko lākou kua, nui ʻole nā ​​poʻe, nā hui, a me nā ʻāina i hele i luna a ma ʻō aku e hoʻohou, hoʻololi, a kūkulu i nā ʻōnaehana resilient, a no ia mea, pono lākou i ka mahalo o ka honua.

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ʻO Juergen T Steinmetz

Ua hana mau ʻo Juergen Thomas Steinmetz i ka huakaʻi a me ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa mai kona wā ʻōpio i Kelemania (1977).
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