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ʻO ka ʻimi holoholona Botswana i hopu ʻia he 385 mau ʻelepa

Elephant-close-up-3-Francis-Garrard
Elephant-close-up-3-Francis-Garrard

Ma ka liʻiliʻi he 385 mau ʻelepani i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala, eia naʻe ua hoʻonohonoho wale ke aupuni Botswana i kuota makahiki o 400 mau ʻelepani e pepehi ʻia e nā poʻe ʻimi holoholona trophy a noi e hoʻololi i ka papa inoa CITES o ka elepani ʻApelika e ʻae i ke kālepa ʻana i ka niho ʻelepani.

"Ua māhuahua ka lawaiʻa ʻana, ʻae mākou", i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Kitso Mokaila (Kuhina o ke Kaiāulu a me nā Kumuwaiwai Kūlohelohe, mālama a me ka Hoʻomākaʻikaʻi) i kahi nīnauele hou o CNN. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole paha ke aupuni e ʻae piha i nā pae lawaiʻa ʻino e ʻike ʻia nei e Botswana i kēia manawa a i ʻole ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻimi holoholona ʻana e hoʻonui ai kēia.

Hōʻike ʻia kahi hōʻike o kahi hoʻonui kokoke 600% i nā kupapaʻu elephant hou, i ʻāpono ʻia i ka manawa o 2017-18, i loko o ka pepa i nānā ʻia e nā hoaNā hōʻike o kahi ulu Elephant Poaching Problem ma Botswana”, Paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai ʻO kēia Biology.

ʻO ka nui o nā kino ʻelepani o ka poʻe i manaʻo ʻia he lawaiʻa i loaʻa i ka wā o ke ana ea ma ka lewa e 2018, ua hōʻoia ʻia ma ka lepo e Dr Mike Chase a me kāna hui ʻElepani ʻAʻohe Palena (EWB) a hōʻike lākou i nā hōʻailona weliweli o ka ʻaihue ʻana. Hoʻopili ʻia ko lākou iwi poʻo me nā koʻi lipi e hoʻoneʻe i nā nīnū a uhi ʻia ko lākou kino i oki ʻia me nā lālā e hūnā maoli i ka hōʻike. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kekahi mau ʻelepani i kā lākou mau koʻokoʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā holoholona i maopopo ke ola nei i ka wā e hoʻoneʻe ai nā mea ʻai holoholona i kā lākou mau ʻako.

ʻO nā pae lawaiʻa i loaʻa ʻia e EWB i ka wā o kā lākou noi lewa e hopohopo nui nei. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chase (Founder and Director - EWB) "ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia nā hōʻike ma kēia pepa a kākoʻo i kā mākou ʻōlelo aʻo no ka luku ʻia ʻana o nā bipi ʻelepani e nā ʻāpana ʻino ma Botswana; pono mākou e kāpae iā lākou ma mua o ka ikaika o lākou.

ʻO kēlā me kēia ʻelepani i ʻio ʻia e Chase a me kāna hui he bipi makua i waena o nā makahiki 30-60 me nā ʻeke nui e waiwai ana he mau kaukani kālā ma ka mākeke ʻeleʻele.

ʻOi aku ka makemake o nā mea ʻānai holoholona a me nā mea ʻimi holoholona trophy no nā elepani bipi nui a ʻoi aku ka nui me nā tusks nui loa, ʻo ka hapanui o nā bipi kauō ma mua o 35 mau makahiki. Nui a koʻikoʻi kēia mau bipi i ka ka lole nohona o ka heluna kanaka elepani, i ka ʻoihana safari kiʻi a i ka hoʻomau lōʻihi o ka ʻimi holoholona hihi iā ia iho.

Eia nō naʻe, he ʻāpana hahai holoholona o 400 mau ʻelepani, hoʻonui ʻia e ka nui o nā bipi i ʻānai ʻia, paʻa?

ʻO ka heluna nui o nā bipi kāne makua ma Botswana ma kahi o 20,600, e like me ka Nānā lewa ʻo EWB 2018. Ma ka maikaʻi loa, 6,000 o kēlā mau bipi kauō ma mua o 35 mau makahiki.

I ka wā i wehe ai ʻo Pelekikena Mokgweetsi Masisi i ke kau ʻimi holoholona trophy, hiki iā Botswana ke lilo he 785 mau bipi i ka ʻimi holoholona ʻāpana ʻelua a me ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻāpana holoholona. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, e hoʻoneʻe ʻia ka 13% o nā bipi makua a me ka hapanui o ka moekolohe mai ka heluna kanaka elepani i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Manaʻo nā Hunters iā lākou iho he quota o 0.35% o ka huina heluna kanaka, a i ʻole ma kahi o 7% o nā bipi makua, ʻo ia ka "off-take" kiʻekiʻe loa me ka nalowale ʻole o ka nui o ka tusk makemake nui ʻia. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole kēia e noʻonoʻo i ka "off-take" hou aʻe ma muli o ka ʻaihue ʻana, kahi e hoʻolilo ai ka quota i kēia manawa ma Botswana i ʻelua pālua i kēia "kūmau" pae.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole e piʻi aʻe ka pae ʻai ʻana, e 7-8 mau makahiki ka lōʻihi e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻelepani bipi makua āpau, ka mea maopopo ʻole ma kahi kokoke i ke ola mau.

E hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka lumi hoʻokipa pro-holoholona i ka lawaiʻa ʻana no ka mea ua haʻalele ʻia nā ʻae ʻimi holoholona. Eia naʻe, hoʻomaka wale ka lawaiʻa ʻana ma Botswana i kekahi manawa i ka manawa o 2017, ʻekolu mau makahiki piha ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka moratorium holoholona.

E hoʻolohi ka ulu ʻana o ka heluna kanaka maoli i kēia hopena, akā i kēlā mau wahi kahi e ʻimi ai i ka ʻimi holoholona a me ka ʻimi lawaiʻa ʻana, e hoʻemi ʻia ka nui o ka bipi kāne makua, kahi e pili ana i ka nohona kaiāulu o kēlā mau ʻelepani.

ʻO Dr Michelle Henley (Luna Hoʻokele, Co-hoʻokumu a me Princear Researcher - Elephants Alive) i ʻōlelo ʻo "ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka paternity o nā bipi kāne mua, e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka hui pū ʻana, hana ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi ma waena o nā hui bachelor, a kāohi i ka ikaika i nā bipi ʻōpio".

He mea nui ka hope, no ka mea ʻo ka loaʻa ʻole o nā bipi kāne mua ke ʻano o ka hele ʻana o ka ʻōpio i ka puʻupuʻu i mua o ka ikaika, e hoʻonāukiuki ai iā lākou. Hiki i kēia huhū ke alakaʻi i ka hoʻonui i ka Conflict Human-Elephant, ke kumuhana a ke aupuni Botswana i manaʻo ai e hōʻemi ma o ka hoʻihoʻi hou ʻana i ka hopu holoholona.

ʻO ke koho wā lōʻihi "off-take" o nā tuskers nui e hoʻopili i ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻelepani, e alakaʻi ana i nā lehulehu me nā tusks liʻiliʻi a ʻo nā elepani tuskless hoʻi. ʻAʻole pili kēia hoʻololi i nā genetics i ke ola lōʻihi o kēia mau ʻelepani, akā he hopena pololei kekahi no ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka ʻimi holoholona ʻāpana ponoʻī.

ʻO ka pepehi kanaka ʻole ʻana i nā ʻelepani no kā lākou niho ʻelepani ua hōʻea i nā pae unsustainable ma waena o ʻApelika, kahi ʻo ka nui o nā ʻelepani i pepehi hewa ʻia i kēia manawa ua ʻoi aku i ka hānau maoli. ^ E Ha yM. Ua manaʻo ʻia kēlā pepehi ʻia hoʻokahi ʻelepani i kēlā me kēia 30 minuke.

ʻOiai ua luku ʻia nā ʻelepani ma ka hapanui o ʻApelika no kekahi manawa i kēia manawa, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka paʻa o ka nui o ka poʻe elepani o Botswana mai ka wā o ka makahiki 2010 me kahi heluna kānaka olakino ma kahi o 126,000 ʻelepa.

ʻ saidlelo ʻo Chase, "Hilinaʻi wau hiki i nā mea kuleana āpau ke hana pū e hoʻokō i nā ana e pono ai ka curta ʻana i ka lawaiʻa ʻana. I ka hopena, e hoʻokolokolo ʻia ʻo Botswana ʻaʻole no ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi pilikia ʻimi ʻiʻo, akā no ke ʻano o ka hana.

KUMU MAI: Ka Manaʻo Hana ʻĀina mālama