E noho ʻo Bugoma Forest, wahi a ka Pelekikena o Uganda, akā ʻaʻole hoʻolauleʻa nā conservationist i kēia manawa

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Ma hope o kahi kākoʻo kūpaʻa ma luna o kahi ʻaha e hoʻoholo ana e hoʻolimalima i ka nahele ʻo Bugoma iā Hoima Sugar Works i ka mahina i hala, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena Uganda Museveni e pono e noho ʻo Bugoma Forest.

Ma hope o kēia ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka luna kānāwai o ka ʻaha kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ʻo Masindi, ʻo Wilson Masalu, he 6,000 mau hectares o ka waihona no ka Omukama (mōʻī o Bunyoro), e hāʻawi manuahi nei i ke aupuni e hoʻolimalima i ka ʻāina iā Hoima Sugar Works no ka ulu kō ʻana.

Wahi a ka nūpepa Nūhou o kēlā me kēia lā, ua lohe ke poʻo nui i ke poʻo o ka Pelekikena i ka manawa a kāna Kuhina Waiwai, ʻo Matiya Kasaija, i hōʻike ai i kona hopohopo no ka hāʻawi makana ʻia ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou i mālama ʻia ma State Lodge Masindi ma Mei 15, 2019. 22 mile kuea i Hoima Sugar, a ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nei; e make mākou, no ka mea, he mea hana ua kēlā ulu lāʻau no Bunyoro, "wahi a ke kuhina hanohano.

"ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae e hana i kēlā, e hōʻoia mākou e hoʻihoʻi ia," i pane ka Pelekikena. Ua kauoha ʻo ia i ka poʻe i komo hewa i nā wahi wai a me nā ululāʻau e haʻalele i mua o ko lākou kipaku ʻia ʻana. "Ua hana wau i ka mea hiki e mālama i ka muliwai Katonga kokoke i kaʻu mahiʻai ma Kisozi ma ka moku ʻo Mbarara," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

I hoʻokahi pule wale nō ma mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Nature Uganda i kahi kūkākūkā lehulehu o nā conservationists ma ke kauoha a ka ʻAhahui o Uganda Tour Operators (AUTO) i hoʻokumu ʻia me "The Status of Bugoma Central Forest Reserve: The implication of the high court hoʻoholo i kēlā ʻāpana o ka nahele hoʻololi ʻia i loko o kahi mahi kō. ”

Ua makaʻu ka poʻe hoʻokele huakaʻi i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi a me nā wahi noho o nā primates a me nā manu e hoʻopau ʻia e nā poʻe ponoʻī ponoʻī e kūlou ana e pani i nā ululāʻau me ka mauʻu kō.

Kuhi kēlā me kēia kani i ka lehulehu, e like me ka Don Afuna Adula hoʻomaha loa; forester ʻO Gaster Kiyingi; ʻO Frank Muramuzi, Lunahoomalu, National Association of Professional Environmentalists; Achilles Byaruhanga, Luna Hoʻokele, Nature Uganda; a me Pauline N. Kalunda, Luna Hoʻokele, EcoTrust Uganda.

Ua kono ʻia ʻo Ronald Mwesigwa, Lunahoomalu, Bunyoro Land Board, ka mea nāna i hana e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka ea ma ka nahele e hāʻawi.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka ʻāina i kapa ʻia ma Kyangwali sub-county kahi ʻāpana o ka ʻāina kūpuna o nā waiwai i kūkulu hou ʻia o ke aupuni e waiho ana ma waho o kahi mālama nahele.

I ko lākou hauʻoli hou, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka hoʻokūkū me nā conservationist i hoʻokumu ʻia ka hoʻoholo o ka ʻaha ma ka hihia o ka ʻona a me ka hana ʻole o ka nahele.

Ua hakakā ʻo Stephen Galima mai ka National Forestry Authority (NFA) e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu e hāʻawi ai kahi aupuni i ko lākou ʻāina kūpuna no ka ulu kō.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia, ua kiʻi ʻia ʻo Bugoma Forest ma ke ʻano he ulu lāʻau i 1932 a loaʻa nā palapala ʻāina cadastral a loaʻa nā hoʻolālā palena e hōʻoia me ia o nā hectare 6,000 i hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia.

Wahi a ke Kānāwai Kānāwai o 1998, ʻaʻole hiki i nā ululāʻau a me nā puʻupaʻa ke hoʻopau ʻia me ka ʻole o ka ʻae ʻia e ka Parliament. Ma ka hoʻolimalima ʻana i ka nahele iā Hoima Sugar Ltd., ua hoʻololi ʻo Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom i kāna hoʻohana ʻāina i kū ʻole maoli ʻia i ke kānāwai.

No nā makahiki ʻehā i hala aku nei, ua kū mua ka Association for the Conservation of Bugoma Forest ACBF nāna i hoʻonohonoho i nā mākaʻi ululāʻau i ka huhū o nā mea kālai lāʻau mafia, e like me ka ʻōlelo a ka luna o ACBF ʻo Constantino Tessarin, ua hoʻoholo paʻa ʻo Florence Kyaligonza e loaʻa kālā mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana o keia laau i na koina a pau.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea āpau o ke aupuni Bunyoro Kitara me ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo, e like me ke Kuhina Hoʻonaʻina o ke aupuni, ʻo Kauka Asiimwe Florence Akiiki, ka mea nāna i hoʻopiʻi ka ʻino o ke aupuni i ka ʻaha kuhina mua. I ka makahiki i hala iho nei, ua kī ka Omukama o Bunyoro, ka Mōʻī Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru, i ka hale kuhina mua no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻia o kekahi o kona mau lālā i kahi kūʻai kūpilikiʻi o nā waiwai o ke aupuni, ka hemahema, a me ka hana ʻino i ka keʻena.

Pehea e loaʻa ai iā lākou ka inoa ma ʻAukake 1 a aneane hoʻolimalima koke ʻia ia ma ʻAukake 5, haʻohaʻo i kahi huhū ʻike ʻia ʻo Frank Muramusi, Lunahoomalu, NAPE, ke nānā nei i ka ʻoihana like i makemake e lawe iā Mabira Forest ma hope o Bugoma Forest, e ʻōlelo ana "kekahi ʻaʻole hiamoe. ”

I nā consiliatory overture, ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea e pono ke aupuni e ʻimi i nā ala ʻē aʻe o ka loaʻa kālā mai ka ululāʻau e like me ke kūʻai ʻana i nā hōʻaiʻē kalapona mai nā pūhaka ʻaila e hoʻopili me Tilenga i ka ʻākau a me Kingfisher āpana i ka hema.

ʻO nā hoʻohana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻia i ke aupuni mai ka ecotourism ʻoiai ka nahele kahi noho o chimpanzees, primates ʻē aʻe, a me nā manu, a he ala hele no nā holoholona hihiu neʻe ma waena o Murchison Falls National Park a mai Budongo Forest a i mua a i ka Semiliki Wildlife Reserve. ʻO ka ululāʻau kekahi wahi lawaiʻa nui no ka loko ʻo Albert mai kahi e kahe ai ka muliwai Nkusi a me nā mea lawelawe. Hiki i ke aupuni ke hoʻopukapuka i ka ecolodging; i kēia manawa aia ʻo Bugoma Jungle Lodge hou i loko o ka ululāʻau akā e hoʻopilikia loa ʻia inā ʻaʻole pale ʻia ka nahele i nā mea kuleana hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

No kēia mea, ua kāhea ʻo Joan Akiza Legal and Policy Officer, NAPE, i kahi papa haʻahaʻa no ka nahele, kūpono me ka Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) i loaʻa nā ʻike āpau e kākoʻo ai i kā lākou paio.

Ma muli o ka ʻōlelo a ka Pelekikena, ka mea i ukali i kāna hoʻohiki ʻana i ke Aupuni Bunyoro e uku ʻia ʻo Hoima Sugar Works no ka ʻāina i hoʻolimalima ʻia, ua hoʻokūpilikiʻi ʻole ʻia nā mea hana kaiapuni, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei e hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Hoima Sugar Works no ka loaʻa hewa ʻana o ka ʻāina, a i kēia manawa pono nā ʻauhau e hoʻokaʻa kālā i loaʻa kālā paʻakikī e uku no kēia; ʻo kēia he politika wale nō ia mai ka wā e hele ana mākou i ka koho balota, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka forester ʻo Gaster Kiyingi.

I loko o kāna haʻi ʻōlelo ʻana, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Don Afuna Adula e like me "Presidentialism" me nā mea āpau a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻopau ʻia ma lalo o ke kākoʻo o ka Pelekikena e haʻi i ka huaʻōlelo hope loa.

ʻAʻole i kipa ʻia ko lākou kānalua no ka mea ʻo nā kiʻi o ka bulldozer like i hopu ʻia i ka hāʻawi ʻia ʻana o Mabira Forest ma 2007 i kākoʻo ākea ʻia e ka Pelekikena, ua ʻike maikaʻi ʻia e like me ka "lawehala" like mai nā papa inoa like a me ke kala i ʻike ʻia i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana iā Bugoma. Hoʻomaopopo, aia he "leo nui" mai MP Hanohano Betty Anywar, kahi hui kūʻē kūʻē mua a Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) a he mea hōʻeuʻeu i loaʻa ka kaulana no ka hoʻokūkū i nā kūʻē i ka hāʻawi ʻana o Mabira Forest e loaʻa ana ka inoa nick "Mama Mabira" akā i kēia manawa ua hele i kēlā ʻaoʻao i ka ʻaoʻao kūʻē National Resistence Movement (NRM) e kū ana.

ʻO ke kūlana o kēia manawa ka hana o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ka ululāʻau i kāohi ʻia i ka lā Mei 1 ʻoiai ʻaʻole i loaʻa i ka NFA ka leka hoʻomaopopo ma waena o ka hana koʻikoʻi o nā mākaʻi. ʻO ka mea kaumaha, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia hoʻokahi heketa.

Makemake kekahi e hoʻolōʻihi i ka hoʻouka kaua e kāpae iā Hoima Sugar, e hoʻomaopopo ana i ka ʻoihana makua, ʻo Rai International, i ʻōlelo ʻia no ka hana like ʻole, ka politika ʻana, a me ka lawe ʻino ʻana i nā mea hoʻokūkū i ka ʻoihana lāʻau ma Kenya kokoke, kahi pū puhipaka no kā lākou mau manaʻo mua. .

Ua lilo ka ʻāina i 65% o kāna uhi ulu lāʻau i nā makahiki he 40 i hala a hoʻomau i ka nalo ʻana he 100,000 hectares i kēlā me kēia makahiki. I kēia helu, ʻaʻole e uhi ʻia ka nahele ma loko o 20 mau makahiki. Ke ʻike ʻia nei nā hopena o ke aniau e like me ka Pelekikena nāna ʻo ia kahi kahu hānai pipi nui; kahi hoʻomaha no ka poʻe mālama mālama.

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ʻO Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda