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Hiki i ke noi ʻimi holoholona Botswana ke hoʻokau i kāna ʻoihana hoʻokipa

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ʻO nā noi a Botswana e hāpai i kāna pāpā hopu a hoʻolauna i ka ʻoki ʻana o ka ʻelepani i mea hoʻāla i ka hana politika, hōʻole, ʻike hewa, a me ka lobbying mai nā pūʻali hopu a me nā pūʻulu koa. Akā he aha ka manaʻo o ka hui i ʻoi aku ka nui e lilo, ka ʻoihana mākaʻikaʻi kiʻi, e pili ana i kēia mea?

Kapu hopu holoholona

ʻO ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka hōʻike e like me nā koho balota ma Botswana loom a maopopo e pili ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka balota kaiāulu, ua hoʻāla ʻia kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui i ka pāpāho. ʻO nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e ulu i ka ʻoihana holoholona holoholona safari, kūkulu i nā pā holoholona hihiu, pani i nā ala hele malihini i nā holoholona hihiu, hoʻolauna i nā ʻelepani culling a kūkulu i nā ʻoihana ʻenekia ʻelepa.

Ua haʻalele ka pāpā i kekahi mau kaiāulu, ka mea i kaukaʻi i ka loaʻa ʻole o ka loaʻa kālā, e hoʻoulu nei i ka hauʻoli. Ua hele mai nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ma hope o nā hālāwai me nā mea ʻae like ʻole e pili ana i kēia mau kaiaulu i hoʻopilikia ʻia, eia naʻe ua hōʻike ʻia lākou me kahi kūkā kūkā liʻiliʻi wale nō me ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa a i ʻole nā ​​kaiāulu e loaʻa pono ana i ka huakaʻi.

I kēia lā 18% o ka ʻāina i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no nā pāka aupuni a me 23% i nā wahi hoʻokele holoholona. "Ua hana ʻo Botswana i kahi kūlana lili mau i nā makahiki he nui ma ke ʻano he mākaʻikaʻi alakaʻi," wahi a Beks Ndlovu o ʻApelika Bush Camps, "Ua hana kēia mau kulekele (nonhunting) i kahi huakaʻi safari ikona a me kahi ʻoihana ka lua o ka nui ma Botswana, e lawe ana nā hana a me ka pōmaikaʻi i nā kamaʻāina he nui o Botswana. ”

Ma 2017, hāʻawi ka huakaʻi a me ka mākaʻikaʻi i 11.5% o ka GDP o ka ʻāina, ʻoiai ke kākoʻo nei iā 7.6% o ka hana a Botswana (kahi 76,000 mau hana) me nā piʻi like ʻelua. No laila, he hoihoi nui i ka nui o ka poʻe i ka pale ʻana i nā holoholona laka o ka ʻāina.

"Ma aneane o nā ana; nā manawa hana, hoʻomohala mākau, loaʻa kālā, nā helu kipa, pōmaikaʻi kīkēkē i ka hoʻokele waiwai ākea a me nā noʻonoʻo kaiaola e laʻa me ke ʻano, ʻo ka mākaʻikaʻi kiʻi kūkaʻikaʻi maikaʻi ʻo ia ka koho hoʻohana ʻāina maikaʻi loa e hoʻokele i nā wahi pale o Botswana, " 'ōleloʻo Ian Michler, Luna Hoʻokele o Invent Africa Safaris.

Ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei kēia ʻoihana hana nui no ka mea he nui nā malihini kipa i koho iā Botswana ma ke ʻano he wahi safari ma muli o ke kūpaʻa kūʻē ʻana i ka hopu holoholona. Ke kāhea aku nei kekahi mau mea kūʻai aku a me nā ʻāpana o ka pāpāho i kahi boycott o ka huakaʻi ʻana i Botswana.

Pane ʻoihana ʻoihana hoʻokipa

Ke hoʻomau nei ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa kiʻi i ka maikaʻi o ka lohe ʻia ʻana o ko lākou mau leo: “& Beyond i ka hilinaʻi he ʻano palekana ʻo Botswana no nā holoholona hihiu,” wahi a Valeri Mouton o & Beyond.

ʻO ia kahi manaʻo i hoʻāla ʻia e Colin Bell, kahi mea hui pū o ka hui safari huakaʻi kiʻi, Natural Selection: "ʻO koʻu manaʻo ʻaʻole pono e kiʻi i nā pila kahe koko i kēia wā mua i ke kaʻina kūkā - a e lanakila ka manaʻo maikaʻi i ka hopena. "

ʻO Wilderness Safaris, ke alakaʻi ʻo ecotourism alakaʻi o Botswana, i ʻōlelo e hui pū lākou me ke Kuhina i kahi kaʻina o ka hoʻoponopono pilikia, me kekahi o ko lākou mau pahuhopu e hoʻonui i ke komo ʻana o ka makaʻāinana i ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa a hoʻonui i kāna hāʻawi i ka hoʻokele waiwai aupuni.

ʻAe ʻo Ndlovu, "ʻO nā ʻōlelo koi i kēia manawa i ka Pelekikena ka manaʻo o kekahi o nā lālā kaiāulu kuaʻāina. ʻO ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa kahi e hiki mai ana i ka laina no ke kūkākūkā a ʻaʻohe kānalua e lohe piha ʻia kā mākou mau manaʻo.

ʻO Dereck Joubert, Luna Nui o ka Great Plains Conservation kahi leo i ʻoi aku ka wiwo ʻole. Ke kāhea nei i ke noi, 'Law Botswana's Blood Law', ua hoʻomaka ʻo Joubert i kahi palapala hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē i kēia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo. “Ua ʻike au i ka nui o nā elepani make mai nā kāne maikaʻi ʻole. ʻAʻole pono wau e ʻike i hoʻokahi mau paila hou aʻe mai kā mākou aupuni ponoʻī, "wahi a Joubert.

He aha kā lākou e kū nei e nalo

ʻOiai ka nui o ka poʻe i hoʻomaikaʻi i ke aupuni no ka ʻapo ʻana i kahi kaʻina kūkākūkā, ua nalo i nā makahiki i hala, ua ʻōlelo kekahi e kūʻē ana i nā mea āpau e kū ai ka ʻāina. ʻIke ʻia he puʻuhonua palekana no nā ʻelepani, a me kahi home kokoke i ka hapakolu o ko ʻApelika mau elepani, manaʻo lākou he kuleana ko ka ʻāina e pale aku i kēia mau mea ola.

"ʻAʻole e hoʻōki ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i ka trophy i ka hopu ʻana, ʻaʻole hoʻi e hoʻolauna i kahi kālepa kū kānāwai o nā niho ʻelepani a me nā huahana ʻelepani ʻē aʻe, e lele nei i mua o nā hoʻokō a Botswana ma ke ʻano he lālā hoʻokumu o ka Elephant Protection Initiative," wahi a ka Environmental Investigation Agency.

Ua ʻae ʻo Howard Jones, CEO o Born Free, e ʻōlelo ana ʻo ia nō ke ala kūpono ʻole e hoʻokokoke aku ai i ke ola pū ʻana a, "ua hoʻoholo ke aupuni o Botswana e hiki i ka hope o ka loaʻa pono pilikino ke ʻoi aku ma mua o ka manaʻo maʻamau."

He ʻōlelo i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka palapala noi a Joubert, "ʻO nā hunts, a me nā culls i manaʻo ʻia, ʻaʻole ia no kekahi kumu mālama, akā e hōʻoluʻolu wale nō ia."

Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻo Michler iā ia, "Ua pololei ke aupuni i kēia manawa i ka makemake ʻana e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka nui o ke kaiāulu, ka hakakā kanaka a holoholona a me nā pilikia kūkā kamaʻilio ʻole ʻia e ke aupuni i hala, akā no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻanuʻu hoʻoliʻiliʻi ma mua o ke kūkulu ʻana i kahi moʻolelo ecotourism maikaʻi ʻaʻole akamai. . ”