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Ke kāʻei China a me ke alanui e pili ana i ka huakaʻi: Mai Tonga a ʻApelika Kina ke alakaʻi

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Ke hana ikaika nei ʻo Kina i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hopena o ka honua a alakaʻi i ka honua ma o ka kāʻei Kina a me ka Road Initiative. ʻO ka mākaʻikaʻi kahi ʻāpana nui o ia. Ua kau inoa ʻo Tonga i kā Belt a me alanui Initia a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi hoʻomaha mai Beijing no ka manawa o ka uku ʻaiʻē ma mua koke o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kahi manawa nui e uku i nā hōʻaiʻē.

Ke hana ikaika nei ʻo Kina i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hopena o ka honua a alakaʻi i ka honua ma o ka kāʻei Kina a me ka Road Initiative. ʻO ka mākaʻikaʻi kahi ʻāpana nui o ia. Ua kau inoa ʻo Tonga i kā Belt a me alanui Initia a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi hoʻomaha mai Beijing no ka manawa o ka uku ʻaiʻē ma mua koke o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kahi manawa nui e uku i nā hōʻaiʻē.

ʻO Lopeti Senituli, ke kākāʻōlelo kālaiʻāina no ke Kuhina Nui Tonga ʻo Akilisi Pohiva, i haʻi aku iā Reuters ma o ka leka uila i ka Lāpule ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻo Tonga i kahi palapala hoʻomanaʻo o Belt a me Road, a ua hoʻopaneʻe ʻia ka hōʻaiʻē concessional no ʻelima mau makahiki.

ʻO Tonga kekahi o nā lāhui mokupuni ʻewalu i ka Pākīpika Hema i ʻaiʻē nui iā Kina. Ua hiki mai ka hoʻopanee ʻana e like me ka manawa i hoʻonoho ʻia ai ʻo Tonga e hoʻomaka i ka uku hou ʻana i ka ʻaiʻē, kahi e manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokau i kāna kālā.

ʻO ka Belt a me ke alanui Initiative, i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka One Belt One Road a i ʻole ke Silk Road Economic Belt a me ka 21st kenekulia Maritime Silk Road, kahi hoʻolālā hoʻomohala i lawe ʻia e ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā hoʻolālā kūkulu a me nā hoʻopukapuka kālā i nā ʻāina ma ʻEulopa, ʻAsia, a me ʻApelika.

Hāʻawi ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa i kahi ʻāpana nui i ka GDP a me ka ulu waiwai ʻana o nā ʻāina he nui. ʻO ka Belt a me ke alanui Initiative hiki ke lilo i ala maikaʻi loa e paipai i ka mākaʻikaʻi ma nā ʻāina ma ka Silk Road. ʻO ka maluhia a me ka pale ʻana nā kūlana koi ʻelua e pono ai no ka ulu ʻana o ka mākaʻikaʻi i kēlā me kēia ʻāina. Hiki ke lawe ʻia i kekahi ʻano hana e pōmaikaʻi ai i ka ʻāpana hoʻokipa mai ka hana. Pono nā ʻāina kāʻei a me nā alanui āpau e hui pū me nā lima a hana pū no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā kulekele aloha aloha e hoʻokipa ai i nā mea mākaʻikaʻi he nui i ko lākou mau ʻāina.

He nui nā mākaʻikaʻi mākaʻikaʻi i kēlā me kēia ʻāina. ʻO ka paia nui o Kina, ka pūʻali koa Terracotta ma Xiʻan a me ke kūlanakauhale pāpā ʻia kekahi o nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui loa.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā kolone kolone kūpilikiʻi ma Shanghai kahi hōʻike o nā hale skyscrapers a me nā hale kolonial ʻEulopa. ʻO ka hiʻona ʻoi loa o Kina ʻo “ka muliwai Li” ma Guilin i hoʻopā aku i ka puʻuwai o nā mea pena kiʻi he nui. ʻO nā panda nunui, ka waiwai aupuni o Kina, ma Chengdu e aloha like ʻia e nā Kina a me nā haole. I Kina hikina, nā kuahiwi melemele kokoke i Shanghai nā piko kaulana i Kina. ʻO ka Halealiʻi Potala ma Tibet, ʻo ia hoʻi "Heart of the Roof of the World", paʻa i nā mea noʻeau a me nā ʻatikala. Ua wehe ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ka lā 24 o Kēkēmapa 2017. ʻO 10 mau wahi mākaʻikaʻi Kina ma 2017 ʻo Beijing, Shanghai, Xiʻan, Guilin, Chongqing, Chengdu. , Kunming, Shenzhen, Hangzhou a me Sanya.

ʻO nā ʻike a me nā helu o ka mākaʻikaʻi ma Kina i hōʻike ʻia ma luna no ka makahiki 2017, e hōʻike ana i ka nui o nā mākaʻikaʻi e hele mai ana i Kina ma hope o kā Belt a me ke ala e hoʻonui ai i kēlā me kēia makahiki. E hoʻonui ka hana i ka mākaʻikaʻi a me ka ulu ʻana o ka hoʻokele waiwai o Kina i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana.

Pēlā nō, pono e mākaʻikaʻi pū ʻia nā wahi mesmerizing a kupaianaha hoʻi ma nā ʻāina Belt a me nā Alanui. Hiki i ke kāʻei a me ke ala ke kuleana nui e hoʻokau i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka mākaʻikaʻi i nā ʻāina ma ke Alanui Silk. Loaʻa nā waiwai moʻomeheu a me nā wahi nani e kipa ai nā ʻāina kāʻei a me nā alanui āpau. Pono e ʻike a mākaʻikaʻi i ka nani hūnā a me ke ʻano hoihoi o nā ʻāina ma ke Alanui Silk. Eia kekahi, hiki ke hoʻomaka ʻia nā papahana hoʻololi moʻomeheu ma waena o nā ʻāina Belt a me ke Alanui e ʻae ai nā poʻe mai nā ʻano like ʻole e hoʻokokoke a kaʻana like i kā lākou moʻomeheu.

ʻO nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi Lūkini kiʻekiʻe e komo pū me Moscow Kremlin, Hermitage Museum, Lake Baikal, Red Square, Saint Basil's Cathedral, Winter Palace, Kazan Cathedral a me Russian Museum. ʻO nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi kiʻekiʻe loa o Mongolia ʻo Desert Gobi, Khuvsgul Lake, Terelj National Park, Karakorum-Erdenezuu, ke awāwa ʻo Orkhon, Khustai National Park a me ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Ulaanbaatar. ʻO nā wahi huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi kiʻekiʻe loa o Turkey ʻo Aya Sofya, ʻEpeso, Cappadocia, Hale aliʻi ʻo Topkapi, Pamukkale, Sumela Monastery, Mount Nemrut, Ani, Aspendos. ʻO Orchard Road, Resorts World Sentosa, Clarke Quay, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Night Safari a me Singapore Flyer he mea pono e nānā i nā kiko ma Singapore. Ke kiʻi nei ʻo Martin's Island, Lalbagh Fort, Sompaura Mahavihara, Dhanmondi Lake, Patenga Beach e kipa aku i Bangladesh. ʻO nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi maikaʻi loa o Pakistan ʻo Naltar Valley, Neelum Valley, Fairy Meadows, Shangrila Resort, Deosai Plains, Rama Meadow, Siri Paye, Murree Hills, Swat Valley a me Hunza awāwa. ʻO ka lani ma ka honua Kashmir, ʻo Mini Switzerland 'Swat Valley' a me Mountain Kingdom 'Hunza Valley' nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui ma Pakistan. Aia ka K2 ikaika ma Karakoram Pakistan ka mauna kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe ʻelua ma ka Honua ma hope o ka Mountain Everest.

Ma hope o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ke kūlana palekana, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka mākaʻikaʻi ma Pakistan e 300 pakeneka i nā makahiki i hala iho nei. Wahi a kahi hōʻike hou, ua kipa ʻo 1.75 miliona mau mākaʻikaʻi iā Pakistan ma 2017 wale nō. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā helu helu mai ka Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation he 30 pākēneka o ka poʻe huakaʻi he home. Wahi a ka World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) i ka makahiki i hala, ua loaʻa ka loaʻa kālā mai ka mākaʻikaʻi ma kahi o $ 19.4 biliona i ka hoʻokele waiwai o Pakistan a ua hoʻonui ʻia he 6.9 pakeneka o ka huahana kūloko nui. Manaʻo ka WTTC e piʻi aʻe kēlā kālā i $ 36.1 biliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi.

Pono nā ʻāina Belt a me nā alanui e hana i nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala hoʻokipa ma o ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka maluhia a me ka pale. Hiki i ka huakaʻi ʻo Silk Road ke hana nui i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka hoʻololi hoʻokele waiwai a me ka pilina moʻomeheu ma waena o Asia a me ʻEulopa. Me ka mākaʻikaʻi, pāʻoihana a me ke kālepa ʻana o nā ʻāina Silk Road e hoʻonui pū ʻia kekahi. Ma hope o ke Alanui Kalepa, Culture Gallery a me ke alanui kalepa, ʻo ke Silk Road kahi ala huakaʻi huakaʻi i ka palapala honua i ka kenekulia 21. I kēia manawa, ua hoʻomaka ka huakaʻi ʻo Silk Road, eia nō naʻe, pono e ʻike i waena o nā poʻe mākaʻikaʻi e hoʻolaha a alakaʻi e pili ana i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi. ʻO nā ʻāina kāʻei a me nā alanui me nā wahi kūlohelohe nani, ka mōʻaukala kahiko, ka moʻomeheu hohonu a me ka ʻono lāhui waiwai e lilo i wahi huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi kiʻekiʻe honua.

Pono nā ʻāina ʻo Silk Road i ka hoʻonohonoho mākeke kūpono, pono ke aupuni e alakaʻi i ke kuleana alakaʻi a me ka hana komo e hāpai i ka hoʻokipa. Pono nā ʻāina ʻo Silk Road e hoʻoikaika i ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa. Hiki ke hoʻolauna kūikawā ʻia kahi lawelawe e-visa, e-ticketing a me ka leka uila ʻana no nā ʻāina Belt a me ke Alanui kahi e kōkua ai i nā mākaʻikaʻi e hōʻea i kā lākou wahi i makemake ai.

Me ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana mākaʻikaʻi, e hoʻonui ʻia kekahi mau wahi ʻē aʻe e like me ke kālepa, nā loina, ka moʻomeheu, ka GDP, nā ʻoihana hoʻokele waiwai a me nā ʻāina Silk Road. I ka pōkole, e loaʻa i nā ʻāina e ulu ana nā manawa hou aku e hoʻonui i kā lākou hoʻokele waiwai a hopu i ka manawa kūpono gula ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kā Belt Belt and Road Initiative.