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Kūʻai ʻo Namibia i nā ʻelepani hihiu

Ka Papa Hana Kaulua
Kūʻai ʻo Namibia i nā ʻelepani hihiu
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i kakauia ma Harry S. Johnson

Nā hoʻolālā a ka Kuhina Kaiapuni Namibian, Forestry and Tourism (MEFT) e hopu a kūʻai aku i 170 o nā ʻelepani holoholo manuahi hope loa i waena o nā wahi mahiʻai kaiāulu o ka akau komohana a me ka ʻākau hikina o Namibia e hōʻoiaʻiʻo nei i ka paio a me ka hōʻeha nui paha i kahi ʻoihana huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi kūloko.

"Ke ukali nei nā malihini kipa ʻē mau i kēia hoʻolālā a kokoke e hoʻoweliweli nei me kahi boycott o ka mākaʻikaʻi Namibian," kahi e hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ka mālama ʻana, i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Izak Smit, kahi mea kaulana i ka mālama ʻana i ka liona wao akua.

ʻO MEFT i ka hebedoma i hala Pōʻakahi i hoʻolaha aku ai no nā makana mai nā poʻe Namibian i hoʻopaʻa inoa i ka hopu ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hopu a hemo i ʻehā mau 30 o 60 mau ʻelepani ma nā wahi ʻo Omatjete, Kamanjab, Tsumkwe a me Kavango East.

"Ma muli o ka maloʻo a hoʻonui i nā helu elepani i hui pū ʻia me nā hanana hakakā Human-Elephant, ua ʻike ʻia kahi pono e hōʻemi i kēia mau lehulehu," (sic) i heluhelu ai ka hoʻolaha.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e kākoʻo ana i kēia hoʻopiʻi, me nā hopena o ka nānā ʻana i ka lewa ma ka ʻākau hikina ma ʻAukake 2019 e hoʻokuʻu ʻia ana me nā noi.

Me he mea lā he noi politika kā ka noi no nā noi i hopu ʻia ai nā conservationist kūloko e nā noi, me ka haʻi ʻole ʻia o kēia paʻa a me ke kūʻai ola ʻana ma kahi hālāwai i hala iho nei e kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka loiloi o ka Namibia's Elephant Management Plan. ʻO nā manaʻo paʻa ʻē aʻe e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka Conflict Human Elephant ua ʻae ʻia me nā mea kuleana, e like me ka hoʻolako ʻana i nā kiko wai ʻelepani mai nā kauhale, ka pā uila a me nā alapiʻi elepani e hoʻoneʻe i nā pono no ka translocation.

 ʻAʻole nō i ʻike nā luna ʻo MEFT kiʻekiʻe i kēia mau noi.

ʻO nā hōʻailona kahi e emi nei ka heluna kanaka, me Namibia e ʻeha nei i kahi maloʻo lōʻihi i hoʻopau i nā lehulehu o ka pāʻani a hoʻokumu i nā maʻi sporadic o ka anthrax i hopena i ka make nui i ka heluna elepani Linyanti-Chobe.

Ua hōʻoia ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo MEFT, ʻo Romeo Muyanda, i ka Pōʻalua, ua loaʻa nā kupapaʻu elepani 31 ma ke kahawai ʻo Linyanti.

"Manaʻo nui mākou ua make paha nā ʻelepani i ka anthrax e noʻonoʻo nei i hoʻokahi pule ma mua he 12 hippos i make ma muli o ka anthrax. Lawe ʻia nā laʻana e hoʻoholo i ke kumu kūpono, "wahi a Muyanda.

Ma kahi papa hana ʻelepani kūhelu i mālama ʻia ma Windhoek i ʻelua mau pule i hala aku nei, ua hōʻike ʻo MEFT's Pohamba Shifeta i ke kumuhana i kāna haʻi ʻōlelo hoʻomaka a ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia he kuleana ko Namibia e kūʻai aku i kāna waihona i lawe ʻia me nā niho palaoa he 50-tona. Kapu ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku ma Ivory ma lalo o nā kānāwai CITES a me nā noi hou e Namibia e wehe i ke kālepa i ka niho ʻelepani.

Wahi a ka hōʻike kūlana elepani ʻo AfESG ʻApelika o 2016 aia he 22 754 mau ʻelepani ma Namibia, ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia heluna kanaka, ua koho ʻia he 17 265 mau ʻelepani i nā kau trans-border i neʻe ma waena o Namibia, Angola, Zambia a me Botswana. Ua ʻōlelo mua ʻo Director o National Resources Colgar Sikopo ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia kēia mau holoholona helehelena i ka koho Namibian.

Eia naʻe hōʻole ʻo Namibia e komo i ka Helu Helu Nui Elephant 2015 a ua hōʻole i nā noi no nā kikoʻī o kāna ana a me nā ʻano hana i hoʻohana ʻia. Aia kahi palena hilinaʻi ākea i kēia mau koho heluna kanaka i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka palena hilinaʻi o 10% e ʻimi maʻamau ai nā mea nānā mokulele, no laila he mea kānalua inā ke hāʻawi nei ka hoʻolālā anamanaʻo Namibian i nā koho pololei o nā heluna elepani lawe lima e neʻe ma waena o nā ʻāina ʻehā. .

He kanaiwāiwa o nā ʻelepani 170 e hopu ʻia i nā kaiāulu e pili ana i ka pā ʻole ʻo Khaudom National Park a me kāna heluna nui o 3 000 mau ʻelepa.

ʻO kēia mau wahi he ʻāina kūpuna o San, me Kavango East i kālai ʻia i 500 mau māla leashouse o 2 500 hectares kēlā me kēia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka elite kālaiʻāina kūloko mai ka makahiki 2005. ʻO ka nui nui, nā lāʻau i kāohi ʻole ʻia e nā loiloi lāʻau Kina ma aneʻi mai ka 2017 āpau. akā holoi i ka rosewood ʻĀina ulu uluʻO Guiberto coleosperma).

E hopu ʻia nā 80 ʻē aʻe i nā wahi mahiʻai a me nā kaiāulu kūloko ma ka hema komohana o ka Etosha National Park kahi i ʻike ʻia e mālama ʻia he ʻelua mau holoholona, ​​ʻo ka mea liʻiliʻi o 30 e huakaʻi hele ana a hiki i Omatjete (300 km ma ka ʻākau hikina o kapikala ʻo Windhoek).

Inā kānalua paha ka hopu ʻana i kēia mau ʻelepani a i ʻole hiki i ke kino ke kānalua loa, no ka hoʻopalahalaha ākea ma nā ʻāina hiki ʻole ke kiʻi ʻia. Hoʻolahalaha nui ʻia nā pūʻā ʻākau komohana komohana ma kahi wao akua pōhaku ākea, ʻoiai ʻo Kavango East-Tsumkwe kahi nui aʻoi aku i loko o ke kai ʻo Kalahari hohonu i ulu ʻia me kahi lāʻau kaumaha.

 ʻO ka palupalu MEFT, ka mea i kaupalena ʻia i nā pāʻani i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia e Namibian e kiʻi ana i nā lole a pani ʻia ma Ianuali 29, e kāhea ana i ka hoʻopau loa ʻana o nā ʻelepani āpau, me nā bipi kū hoʻokahi pinepine, mai kēia mau wahi. Lawe ʻia nā kumukūʻai a me nā pilikia āpau e ka ʻoihana hopu kēmu.

Hiki i ka palupalu ke hoʻāʻo e hoʻomau i ka balota kaiāulu ma hope o ka hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole o SWAPO i nā koho balota o ke aupuni kūloko me kahi keʻena ikaika loa ma hope o ke kumumanaʻo nā mea mahiʻai liʻiliʻi o Kavango East a me nā mahiʻai ʻoihana nui ʻo Kunene a me Erongo,

Ua manaʻo ʻia ke aloha i ka mākeke hoʻolilo, me nā kikoʻī e kāhea ana i nā mea lawe waiwai e hōʻoia i ka ʻae kahi o ka ʻāina e ʻae i ko lākou lawe ʻia e like me nā lula CITES.

ʻIke paha ʻaʻole makemake kekahi ma Namibia i nā ʻelepani hou aʻe, akā aia hoʻokahi mākeke hoʻolilo waiwai: ʻo ka Lepupalika Kemokalaka o Kongo a me kona Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Joseph Kabila, nāna i kūkulu kahi ʻāpana pāʻani pilikino nui ma ka hikina o Kinshasa. Mai ka makahiki 2017, ua hoʻolilo ʻia i mau pāʻani he mau haneli o ka pāpū - me zebra, kudu, oryx a me nā giraffes i DRC.

 Pili paha kēia i nā lula CITES e ʻae wale ai i ka lawe ʻana aku i nā ʻelepani i nā wahi kūpono a ʻoluʻolu hoʻi i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he “in situ conservation program or secure area in the wild among the species 'natural and history range in Africa”.

ʻO ka manawa wale nō e hōʻike i ka wā e hiki mai ana o kēia mau ʻelepani ke pono ʻole nā ​​relocations hoʻopaʻapaʻa, me ka ʻimi ʻana a me ka hopu holoholona ma lalo o Damage Causing Animal e ʻae i kahi hoʻoweliweli o kēia manawa.

Na: John Grobler