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ʻApelika Hikina: He wahi hoʻoweliweli no LGBTQ

haaheo-i-ka-ʻāpana
haaheo-i-ka-ʻāpana

I ka wā i hoʻolaha ʻia ai kahi moʻolelo i ʻAukake 2017 o nā liona kāne e hoʻāʻo nei e kope pū kekahi i kekahi ma ke kahua mokupuni ʻo Masai Mara ma Kenya, ua hele a ululāʻau ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo a me nā hānai Twitter me nā kuhi, hoʻomāʻewaʻewa, a me ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana. ʻOiai ʻo Kenya kekahi o nā ʻāina holomua ma ʻApelika Hikina e pili ana i ka ʻike a me nā kuleana o LGBTQ, pāpā mau ka lāhui i ka homosexuality a me nā hoʻopaʻi kū kānāwai e nānā i nā hihia kāne kāne.

Ua kūʻē kekahi luna aupuni i nā hana a nā Liona, e ʻōlelo ana he "daimonio" lākou a pono e hoʻokaʻawale a hoʻopaʻa ʻia no kā lākou hana "ʻano ʻē".

ʻOiai ua heluhelu ʻia kēia mau ʻōlelo e like me ka hoʻomāʻewaʻewa a hoʻomāʻewaʻewa ʻia e kekahi pāpāho kaiapili mua, ua kiʻi ʻia kāna pane i loko o ka homophobia aʻa o ʻApelika Hikina a kāhea hou ʻia nā kuleana LGBTQ. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā kānāwai anti-gay ma ka ʻāina i nā kāne ma mua o nā wahine, ka mea i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i kekahi mau hihia mai nā kānāwai antigay. Eia nō naʻe nā spike i nā ʻōlelo anti-homosexuality i ʻae ʻia e ka mokuʻāina a ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā kulekele i nā kāne a me nā wahine me ka hoʻowahāwahā nui ʻia.

Nui nā mea hana no ia mau pono a puni ka Hikina ʻApelika Hikina. Ua hoʻokumu kahi mea pena kiʻi Nairobi, ʻo Kawira Mwirichia, i kāna hana i nā makahiki i hala iho nei i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka homophobia ma o ka hana noʻeau, e ʻimi ana i ke ʻano kanaka a me ka nānā ʻana i nā ola a me nā moʻolelo o nā mea hoʻouluulu ʻaʻole wale ma Kenya akā ma East Africa a me ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Eia nō naʻe, mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka 2014, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kenya i ka poʻe 595 no ko lākou moekolohe ʻana, a me ka National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights nongovernmental organisation, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Nairobi, ke kapitala, e hana nei e hoʻohuli i nā kānāwai koʻikoʻi e pāpā ana i ka pili kāne kāne. Hiki ke holomua kekahi mau wahi kaona ma Kenya ma nā kuleana LGBTQ, akā noho mau lākou me nā kūlike ʻole o ke aupuni a me nā hoʻokokoke ʻana i kēia mea.

ʻOiai, ʻoiai ʻo Mwirichia i kākoʻo iā AFRA Kenya (Artists for Recognition and Acceptance) i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, ke ʻano o ke aniau ma Kenya a puni nā kuleana LGBTQ ma nā wahi like ʻole me nā hoanoho o East Africa.

ʻO ke kaiāulu LGBTQ o Uganda, no ka laʻana, ua kaua lōʻihi aku i nā pūʻali euanelio i kākoʻo ʻia e ʻAmelika e kū nei i kahi kū mau i ka homophobia. No ka huhū o nā mea hoʻouluulu he nui o Uganda, ua kau inoa ʻo Pelekikena Yoweri Moseveni i kahi bila anti-homosexuality ma 2013 e ʻimi nei i ka hoʻopaʻi make a i ʻole ola i loko o ka hale paʻahao no nā poʻe kāne, e ʻōlelo ana he moekolohe ka moekolohe a me nā mea ola.

No ka manawa mua, ua komo kēia pila me nā wahine wahine, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma mua mai nā kānāwai antigay ma Uganda. I ka wā i hoʻopau ʻia ai ka pila ma 2014 ma muli o nā kumu loea ma hope o ka noi ʻana o ka mea kākau moʻolelo Uganda i ka pila me ka poʻe pono kīvila o LGBTQ, ua hoʻāla ʻia ka nui o ka hopu ʻia ʻana ma ke kānāwai, ka hoʻomāinoino, ka hana ʻino a ka lehulehu, nā ahi ahi a me ka hoʻomāinoino ʻia o ka poʻe i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a me ka mākia ʻōlelo huhū homophobic. i ka pāpaho.

Ua kūʻē nā hale pule he nui Anglican i ka pila a ʻōlelo kūʻē iā ia, akā ʻo nā mea ʻeuanelio, e like me ke kahakaha antigay ʻo Scott Lively, i hoʻopili ʻia i ka hoʻoulu ʻana i ka bila me ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka homosexuality me pedophilia a me ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kulekele lehulehu o Uganda ma o nā haʻawina nui mai nā hale pule ʻeuanelio ma Amerika.

ʻO ka kūʻē ʻana i ka homophobia ma Uganda hiki ke hele mai i ke kumukūʻai o ke ola. ʻO ka hopena kolohe o David Kato, kahi mea hoʻouluulu kaulana, nā mea hoʻouluulu e like me Frank Mugisha, ka luna o nā Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG), kahi LGBTQ hui pono kanaka pono ʻole i Uganda. Ke ʻaʻa nei ʻo ia e mālama i ke kuleana e mālama i ka Pride ma Uganda parades ma hope o ka pāpā ʻana o ke aupuni i nā ʻano lehulehu āpau o ka hoʻolauleʻa kāne kāne.

Ma kahi o ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hewa ʻo Kato a make i ka home ma Kampala, ke kapitala, ma hope o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi ʻōlelo kūʻē iā Rolling Stone, ka pepa tabloid kūloko i ka makahiki 2010 i puka aku ai i nā poʻe hoʻālohelohe o Uganda ma ka ʻaoʻao mua, me ia iho nō, a kāhea ʻia ko lākou kau ʻana.

Ua pani ʻia ka pepa e kekahi luna kānāwai o ka ʻAha Kiʻekiʻena no ka hoʻouka kaua pilikino ʻana, e hōʻailona ana i ka kūleʻa ʻana o SMUG i ka hakakā ʻana i nā hana a ka pepa. Ke hoʻomau nei ʻo SMUG e hakakā me Lively no ka hoʻonāukiuki ʻana i ka hana ʻino a me ka inaina i nā kāne ma Uganda ma kahi hihia hoʻokolokolo pekelala o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻo SMUG vs. Lively, i waiho ʻia ma 2012.

I ka 2016, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Mugisha ua hoʻomaikaʻi iki ke ʻano politika mai ka pepehi kanaka ʻana o Kato, akā ua hoʻokuʻi ʻia ʻo Pride Uganda 2017 ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hoʻoweliweli o Mugisha a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka hoʻoweliweli i ka hana kolohe a me ka hopu ʻia.

ʻO nā mea hōʻeuʻeu Mozambican LGBTQ e kū nei i nā pilikia like, ʻoiai ʻo kahi mea kākau moʻolelo Mozambican, ʻo Dercio Tsandzana, i ʻōlelo ma kahi hālāwai ninaninau, "ʻO nā ʻāina Lusophone ma ʻApelika ka mea hoʻomanawanui loa i ka moekolohe." (ʻ countrieslelo Pukikī nā ʻāina Lusophone.) Ua hōʻike ʻo Tsandzana i kēia manawa i ka hoʻoholo kūloko e hāʻawi i ke kūlana kū kānāwai iā Lambda, ka hui kuleana kuleana LGBTQ wale nō o Mozambique, ma hope o ke kaua he 10 mau makahiki e loaʻa ai ka pono.

"Ua nele ʻo Mozambique i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu e pili ana i nā pilikia LGBTQ," wahi a Tsandzana. "Ua hoʻopau hewa ʻia ka homosexuality, akā ua manaʻo ʻia ia he hoʻopaʻapaʻa pono." Ma muli o nā hoʻolaha pūnaewele a me ka activism o ka honua, ua kāpae ʻo Mozambique i kāna mau kānāwai antigay ma 2015, e hoʻolilo ana iā ia i kekahi o nā ʻāina he nui wale ma ka ʻāina āpau kahi e kū kānāwai ai nā pilina kāne like.

Lana ka manaʻo ʻo Tsandzana e lanakila ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo a Lambda “e wehe i ke kamaʻilio a hāʻawi i ka poʻe Mozambicans i kekahi mea e kamaʻilio ai, e hoʻoponopono pono ai ka moʻolelo ma o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa. Pono nō mākou e hakakā. ”

Ma hope o ka noho mālie ʻana o ka LGBTQ repression, ua kū like ke kaiāulu LGBTQ o Tanzania i nā hana like like i Pepeluali 2017, i ka wā i hoʻolaha aku ai ke kuhina olakino i ka panina ʻana o 40 kikowaena kikohoʻe e hāʻawi ana i nā lawelawe HIV / AIDS, e ʻōlelo ana ua "hoʻolaha maikaʻi ʻia ka homosexuality."

I Iulai Iulai 2017, he kuhina mua no ke olakino, hoʻomohala kaiāulu, wahine kāne, nā ʻelemākule a me nā keiki, i hana i nā ʻōlelo hōʻino kūʻē i nā homosexuals i loko o ka Parliament ma ke kūkākūkā ʻana e pili ana i ka moekolohe, e alakaʻi ana i nā lunamakaʻāinana ʻē aʻe e nīnau i ka hoʻolālā a ka Parliament no ka "kaohi ʻana i ka moekolohe" ma Tanzania.

I ka lā aʻe, ua hopu ʻia he 20 mau kānaka i ka hele ʻana i kahi hui nongovernmental e hoʻomaʻamaʻa ana i ka maʻi HIV / AIDS, i mālama ʻia ma ka mokupuni semiautonomous ʻo Zanzibar, kahi e hoʻopaʻi ʻia ai ka moekolohe e ke kānāwai a hiki i 30 mau makahiki i loko o ka hale paʻahao. Hoʻokahi mahina ma hope o ka hopu nui ʻia, ua mālama kahi hui kūkā kamaʻilio ka Zanzibar Imams Association e kāhea ana i nā hoʻopaʻi koʻikoʻi no nā poʻe e hana ana i ka moekolohe, e hōʻike ana i nā hopohopo e hoʻoweliweli i nā ola o ka ʻōpio.

ʻO ka ʻimi ʻana i ka moekolohe ka mea hoʻokahi wale nō o nā ala a ka pelekikena o Tanzania, ʻo John Pombe Magufuli, e ʻimi nei e hōʻoia i kona koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻolilo ʻana iā Tanzania i aupuni mālama ʻole i ke kānāwai, kahi hiʻohiʻona nui o kāna kahua politika i lanakila ai i ke koho balota ma 2015. Ma Iune 2017, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Magufuli i kona mākaukau e kāpae i ka moekolohe a ʻoiai ke kumu o ka haʻalele ʻana i nā kōkua haole, e hoʻopiʻi nei i ke Komohana no ka lawe ʻana mai i ka hana me nā lāʻau.

I Iulai Iulai 2016, pāpā ʻia nā mea lubricants no ka makaʻu e hoʻolauna lākou i ka moekolohe a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi HIV / AIDS. I kēia manawa, hoʻohana nā mākaʻi i nā kuʻikuʻi anal i ʻae ʻia e kū i ke kānāwai e nānā i ka moekolohe manaʻo ʻia, ʻoiai me ka uē a nā pono kanaka a me nā hui olakino. I Kepakemapa 2017, ua paʻi ka nūpepa ʻo Daily Nation i kahi editorial scathing i heluhelu ʻia e like me ke kāhea e hana kūʻē i nā kāne kāne.

ʻO kahi puni hou o ka hopu ʻia i ʻOkakopa 2017 ma Dar es Salaam, ke kapikala moʻomeheu o Tanzania, me kahi loio kuleana kanaka o ʻApelika Hema, ʻo Sibongile Ndashe, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Initiative for Strategic Litigation ma ʻApelika, ka mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka hāpai ʻana i ka moekolohe ma ka hana ʻana ma Tanzania. ma kahi hihia i hiki ke kaupalena ʻia nā lawelawe olakino ma nā kikowaena kulu no nā mea i loaʻa i ka maʻi nui i ka maʻi HIV.

Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ndashe a me ʻelua mau hoa hana, hoʻokahi mai Uganda a hoʻokahi mai ʻApelika Hema, me ka uku ʻole ʻia, i hoʻopaʻa hewa ʻia no hoʻokahi pule me ka ʻole o ka moho a laila lawe pio ʻia, kahi a ka Strategic Litigation hui i ʻike ai ma ke ʻae ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi maoli e pili ana iā ia akā ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hoʻonāukiuki a me ka hoʻoweliweli. .

Wahi a ke alakaʻi o kahi hui pono pono Denemaka LGBTQ i noho ma Tanzania i ka wā o ka hopu ʻia ʻana, "[nā mea i hopu ʻia] ua hōʻeha wale lākou āpau a pono e hōʻike i ka mākaʻi. ʻAʻole paʻa ʻia ka hihia. Ke kāpae ʻia nei ʻo Chesa [kahi hui hui], i koʻu ʻike. ”

Ma Pretoria, ʻApelika Hema, ʻo kā Ndashe paʻa hewa ʻana i hoʻāla ai i nā kūʻē ma waho o ke Komikina Nui ʻo Tanzanian, kahi i ʻākoakoa ai he mau haneli e hōʻike i ka huhū ma muli o ka hopu ʻia. ʻO ʻApelika Hema, ʻo ia wale nō ka ʻāina ma ʻApelika i ʻae ʻia i ka male male kāne like ʻole, he moʻolelo lōʻihi a paʻakikī hoʻi o nā kuleana LGBTQ, a ua pane ʻia ka consulate o ʻApelika Hema ma Dar es Salaam iā Ndashe a me nā hopohopo o kāna mau hoa hana i loko o kēia wā pilikia.

ʻIke ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāina hoʻomanawanui ʻo ʻApelika i ka ʻae ʻana i nā ʻike pilikino LGBTQ, ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kūʻokoʻa a me ka mana kūʻokoʻa o LGBTQ South Africa ma mua o ko lākou mau hoanoho ma Kenya, Tanzania a me Uganda. ʻOiai aia ka laulima a me ka launa ʻana ma waena o ʻAmelika Hema a me East Africa LGBTQ activists, ka politika a me ka haipule e kākoʻo i nā kuleana o ka poʻe LGBTQ mauwaliwali.

ʻO Ilga, ka mea kū i ka International Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Trans Association, ua mālama i nā kānāwai e pili ana i ka moekolohe ma ʻApelika Hikina, a ʻoiai ʻaʻole nā ​​ʻāina āpau e ʻōlelo i nā wahine pili wahine, ma muli o ka hana kuʻuna o nā wahine: hūnā lākou i nā mea hou aʻe, ʻo ia wale nō ke kumu o ka ʻeha ʻē aʻe e like me ka homophobia kūloko, ka stigmatization ponoʻī, "e like me ke alakaʻi a ka LGBTQ Denemaka, ka mea i noi e noho inoa ʻole, no ka ʻike nui o ke kumuhana.

I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua loaʻa nā ʻāina e like me Uganda a me Tanzania i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo he nui no ka decriminalization, nondiscrimination a me nā hana olakino ma o ka loiloi pinepine ʻia ʻana o nā United Nations, he hana manawaleʻa i alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻAha Kuleana Kanaka e nānā i ke kūlana kuleana kanaka o ka ʻāina. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i hōʻole hōʻole ʻia, e hōʻike ana i ka nui o nā koina moʻomeheu i uhi pinepine i nā kaomi o ka honua e noʻonoʻo i nā kuleana LGBTQ.

Ma Tanzania, ua hana ʻo Pelekikena Magufuli i mau nalu i kona wā i kipaku aku ai i ke poʻo o ka Polokalamu Hoʻolālā UN ma ʻApelila 2017 no ka ʻōlelo "hōʻino loa ka hana." ʻAʻole ʻo Magufuli i hele i ka wehe makahiki o ka UN General Assembly i Kepakemapa, e ʻōlelo ana i ka pono e mālama i nā koina.

ʻOluʻolu: www.haleimoku.com