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UNESCO, UNWTO a me Palesetina: USA a me ʻIseraʻela e haʻalele nei iā UNESCO

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I ka UNWTO General Assembly i Chengdu, Kina i hala iho nei, hoʻokahi wahi kūkākūkā ka ʻae ʻia o Palestine ma ke ʻano he lālā piha. ʻO ke diplomacy o Backroom, kaomi e Israel e haʻalele iā UNWTO, a me ke kaomi a ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻokumu ai ʻo Palestine i kahi balota no ko lākou lālā piha i ka hui mākaʻikaʻi honua no 2 mau makahiki hou.

ʻO ka United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) kahi pilina pili loa me World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). I ka 2011, ua ʻae ʻo UNESCO iā Palestine ma ke ʻano he lālā piha. Ua noi ʻo Palestine no ka lālā piha i UNWTO.

Ua hoʻonāukiuki kēia i kahi kānāwai US i hōʻoki i ke kālā ʻAmelika no kekahi ʻoihana i ʻae i kahi Palestine kūʻokoʻa. Ua uku mua ka US no 22 pākēneka ($ 80 miliona) o kā UNESCO waihona kālā makahiki.

He ʻano ʻē kēia, no ka mea ʻo UNESCO kahi hui inoffensive-me he mea lā: ʻO kāna hana nui loa ke koho ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i nā palena ʻāina kūloko, i kapa ʻia ʻo World Heritage sites - nā wahi e like me The Alamo and the Great Barrier Reef, the Grand Canyon. He aha nā kumu kūpono i hiki i ka US ke haʻalele i kahi hui i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka moʻomeheu a me ka ʻepekema?

ʻO Palestine ke kumu. ʻO Israel ke kumu.

ʻO ka mea mua, ua ʻoki ka US i ke kālā no UNESCO ma hope o ka ʻae ʻia o Palestine ma ke ʻano he lālā mokuʻāina, i kēia manawa e haʻalele ana ʻo US Pelekikena Trump iā UNESCO i ka makahiki 2018, a he mau minuke ma hope ua hoʻokau ʻia kēia e Israel. Ua kāpae ʻia nā pono balota a ʻAmelika ma muli a no ka haʻalele ʻana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā uku lālā.

I ka makahiki 1984, ua hoʻokau aku ke aupuni ʻo Reagan i ka ukiuki me ka UN ma luna o UNESCO no nā mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no anti-US, pro-Soviet bias ma ka UN (no ka makahiki 2002 no ka hui pū ʻana o ka US). ʻO ia nō ke kumu i huhū ai ka poʻe Palestinian me ke kūleʻa ʻole o nā kūkākūkā a US i hoʻokumu ai i kahi ʻaelike kuikahi, a ua hoʻokau ʻia e ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā o UNESCO: He wahi ia i kū ai lākou i kahi manawa kūpono loa e loaʻa ai ke kūlana kūlana kūlana. no laila, i ke kumumanaʻo, ke hoʻokau nei i ka kaomi diplomation ma luna o ka ʻIseraʻela e noho i lalo a kūkā.

Ua lanakila ko Palestine i kā lākou lālā UNESCO 2011 e 107-14 ma ka palena (ʻoiai 52 mau moku i hōʻole ʻia). Eia nō naʻe, ua hana iki kēia i ke ala o ka holomua ma ka ʻae maluhia ʻIseraʻela-Palestinian - a ua koʻikoʻi nā hopena o ka hōʻoki ʻia ʻana o nā kōkua ma hope no UNESCO. ʻO Klaus Hüfner, he loea ma UNESCO ma ka Global Policy Forum, ua kapa ʻia ia he "pilikia kālā."

ʻAʻole lālā ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i lālā o ka UNWTO. ʻO kēia paha ʻaʻole e lilo ka US i lālā ʻoiai ke hoʻomau nei ke kūkā kamaʻilio no Palestine e hui pū me ka hui mākaʻikaʻi? He mea kiaʻi ʻo Palestine i kēia manawa. E haʻalele anei ʻo ʻIseraʻela iā UNWTO? Ke kakali nei ke ʻike ʻia a he lepo polikino pelapela ia ma hope o nā mea āpau.

Ua hoʻomaikaʻi ke kuhina nui o Israel Benjamin Netanyahu i ka hoʻoholo a ka US e haʻalele iā UNESCO ma ke ʻano he "koa a me ka pono," i ʻōlelo ʻia.

Ua hōʻike ke poʻo o ka United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) i ka "minamina nui" i ka Pōʻahā no kā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hoʻoholo e haʻalele i ka ʻoihana.

"He nalo kēia iā UNESCO. He poho kēia i ka ʻohana United Nations. He nalo kēia no ka multilateralism, "wahi a ka Luna Hoʻokele Nui o UNESCO ʻo Irina Bokova i loko o kahi ʻōlelo.

"He mea koʻikoʻi ke Kulanui i kā Misiona UNESCO e hoʻoikaika i ka maluhia a me ka palekana o ka honua i mua o ka inaina a me ka hana ʻino, e pale aku i nā pono kanaka a me ka hanohano," i ʻōlelo hou aku ai, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana e hoʻomau ana ʻo UNESCO i ke kūkulu ʻana i ke kenekulia 21 a ʻoi aku ka pono.

Ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo Ms. Bokova i ka makahiki 2011, i ka wā i kāpae ai ka US i ka uku ʻana i kāna mau lālā lālā, ua manaʻo ʻo ia ʻaʻole ka mea nui o ka UNESCO no ka US a ʻo ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe.

"ʻOi aku ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau lā i kēia lā," i hoʻomau ʻo ia, "i ka piʻi ʻana o ka hana kipi kipi a me ka hoʻoweliweli e kāhea i nā pane lōʻihi lōʻihi no ka maluhia a me ka palekana, e pale aku i ka lāhui a me ka antisemitism, e hakakā i ka naʻaupō a me ka hoʻokae."

Ua haʻi ʻo Ms. Bokova i kona manaʻoʻiʻo ua kākoʻo ka poʻe ʻAmelika i kā UNESCO hana e hoʻohana i nā ʻenehana aʻo hou; hoʻomaikaʻi i ke alu like ʻepekema, no ka hoʻomau kai; paipai i ke kūʻokoʻa o ka manaʻo, pale i ka palekana o ka poʻe nūpepa; hoʻoikaika i nā kaikamahine a me nā wahine e like me nā mea hoʻololi a me nā maluhia; kākoʻo i nā kaiāulu e kū nei i nā pilikia, nā pōpilikia a me nā hakakā; a me ka mua mākau heluhelu a me ka maikaʻi e like me ka hoʻonaʻauao.

"Me ka mālama ʻole ʻia o ke kālā, mai ka 2011, ua hoʻonui mākou i ka pilina ma waena o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me UNESCO, ka mea i manaʻo nui ʻole ʻia." "Ua hana pū mākou e pale i ka hoʻoilina moʻomeheu o ke kanaka i mua o ka hoʻouka kaua a nā mea hoʻoweliweli e pale aku ai i ka hana koʻikoʻi ma o ka aʻo ʻana a me ka heluhelu ʻana i ka media."

ʻO ka pilina ma waena o UNESCO a me ka US ua "huki ʻia i nā waiwai like."

Ua hāʻawi aku ka Luna Nui i mau laʻana o ka hana pū ʻana i kēlā manawa, e like me ka hoʻolana ʻana i ka Global Partnership for Girls 'and Women's Education a me ka hoʻolauleʻa ʻana i ka World Press Freedom Day ma Wakinekona, DC, me ka National Endowment for Democracy.

Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o nā hana like, e like me ka hana pū ʻana me ka mea hope loa ʻo Samuel Pisar, ka ʻelele hanohano a me ka ʻelele kūikawā no ka Holocaust Education, e paipai i ka ʻike no ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana i ka Holocaust ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa e hakakā me ka antisemitism a me ka genocide i kēia lā; ke laulima pū nei me nā ʻoihana nui US ʻo Microsoft, Cisco, Procter & Gamble a me Intel e mālama i nā kaikamahine i ke kula a hānai i nā ʻenehana no ke aʻo maikaʻi ʻana; a me ka hana pū ʻana me ka US Geological Survey, US Army Corps of Engineers, a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻo US e holomua i ka noiʻi no ka mālama pono ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai, mahiʻai.

"Ua hohonu ka pilina ma waena o UNESCO a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, no ka mea, ua huki ʻia i nā waiwai like," i hoʻokūʻē ʻo Ms. Bokova.

Ke kuhikuhi nei i nā laina i loko o ke Kumukanawai o UNESCO i ka makahiki 1945 e ka Waihona Puke o US o Archibald MacLeish - "mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā kaua i loko o ka manaʻo o nā kāne, aia i ka manaʻo o nā kāne e kūkulu ʻia nā pale o ka maluhia" - ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole pili loa kēia ʻike. , a ua hoʻohui ua kōkua ka US i ka 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention.

Ke kāhea nei i ka hana a ka ʻoihana "kī e hoʻokūpaʻa ai i nā paʻa o ka hoʻoilina hoʻoilina o ke kanaka i mua o nā ikaika o ka inaina a me ka hoʻokaʻawale," ua ʻike ʻo ia i ke kumukūʻai o nā hoʻoilina o ka World Heritage ma ka US, e like me ka Statue of Liberty, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia he ka wehewehe ʻana i ka hōʻailona US akā ʻōlelo ia no ka poʻe ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

"E hoʻomau ka UNESCO e hana no ka universally o kēia Hui, no nā waiwai a mākou e kaʻana like ai, no nā pahuhopu a mākou e paʻa like ai, e hoʻoikaika i kahi ʻoi aku ka nui o ka pono multilateral a me kahi honua maluhia, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi," i pau ai ʻo Ms. Bokova.

Ua ʻike ʻia kēia ʻoihana no ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā pūnaewele hoʻoilina honua e like me Syria's Palmyra a me ka US Grand Canyon.

Ua kāhea ke poʻo o UNESCO ʻo Irina Bokova i ka haʻalele ʻana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kekahi mea o ka "minamina nui."

Ua ʻae ʻo ia, akā, ʻo "politicization" ua "lilo" i ka hui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Ua hōʻike ka haʻalele ʻana i kahi nalo i ka "ʻohana UN" a i ka multilateralism, ua hoʻohui ʻo Ms. Bokova.

E lilo ka haʻalele ʻana o US i hopena ma ka hopena o Dekemaba 2018 - a hiki i kēlā manawa, e noho mau ka US he lālā piha. E hoʻokumu ana ka US i kahi mikiona mākaʻikaʻi ma ka hui ma Paris e kū i kāna pani, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mokuʻāina mokuʻāina.