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Hoʻoweliweli ka ʻimi holoholona Bushmeat i ka hoʻokipa ma Botswana's Okavango Delta

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Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hoʻoweliweli e ka ʻimi holoholona hewa ʻole i ka ʻoihana huakaʻi ʻo Okavango Delta ma Botswana i loko kahi hōʻike i hoʻopuka hou ʻia. ʻAʻole pili ʻia ʻo Botswana me nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻimi ʻana, akā naʻe ua ʻike ʻia ka hōʻike e kū nei ka ʻimi ʻana i ka bushmeat ma ke ʻano he pālākiō nui i loko o ka Delta, "ʻo ka nui o nā bushmeat i hōʻike ʻia e kekahi poʻe ʻimi holoholona e hōʻike ana i ke ola ʻana o kahi mea kalepa hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka ʻoihana, me ka hiki ke ʻohi, lawe a hoʻolei i nā puke nui. ”

Ma kahi o 1,800 poʻe ʻimi ʻimi kū kānāwai i kuhi ʻia e hōʻiliʻili ʻia kēlā me kēia makahiki he 320kg o ka bushmeat i kēlā me kēia makahiki, e hoʻonui ana i ka hopohopo no ka mea ʻo ke kālepa ʻana i ka ʻoihana bushmeat ke ʻanuʻu mua loa i nā syndicates o nā holoholona hihiu i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e kia liona, rhino a me nā ʻelepani. Ua ʻōlelo pū kekahi me ka hopohopo hoʻi, "ʻo nā kānaka ka hāhā nui o ka pā kaua i loko o ka delta," a ʻo ia hoʻi, "ʻo ka hōʻiliʻili nui a nā kānaka a me nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe i ʻoi aku paha ma mua o ka ulu ulu lehulehu o nā ʻano ungulate i loko o ka pā."

Inā kū kēia, ʻaʻole ia he mau holoholona hihiu wale nō akā ʻo ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa hiki ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo CEO o Great Plains a me National Geographic Explorer, ʻo Derreck Joubert, "Bushmeat i nā mea liʻiliʻi ʻike pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he" ʻimi lāʻau wale nō "akā ua pili ka hopena. Ke komo mai nā mea ʻai holoholona i kā mākou mau pāka aupuni a me nā mālama mālama kikoʻī no ka ʻiʻo a lākou e kuhikuhi pinepine nei i nā mea ʻaihue no ka mea ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka makaʻu o ka hana ʻana i kahi wahi ʻimi manu manu ʻole o ka predator.

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū ma waena o nā kānaka a me nā mea ʻaʻa ʻeleu ʻē aʻe no ka mea i kaupalena ʻia ka waiwai pio e hōʻemi ana i ka hiki o ke kaiaolaola no nā meaola nui," wahi a ka hōʻike a, "ʻO ka hui pū ʻana o ka lawmeat kū ʻole i ke kānāwai me ka mea ʻaihue kūlohelohe he mea kūpono ʻole ia a kumu ʻia paha ka lehulehu. ua hōʻole i kekahi mau wahi a no kekahi mau ʻano, "wahi a Kai Collins, Wilderness Safaris Pūʻali mālama ʻāina.

Me nā holoholona hihiu koʻikoʻi i ka mākaʻikaʻi waiwai nui ma ia wahi ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka hopena kīkēkē i hiki ke loaʻa ma ka ʻoihana mākaʻikaʻi i kēia wahi. "ʻO ka nui o nā mākaʻikaʻi eola ʻōnaehana āpau e pili ana i nā liona, ka ʻelepani a me nā rhino i kahi kekelē. Ke nalowale kēlā mau holoholona nui, ʻo ia hoʻi nā mea hoʻomake, nalowale ka hoʻokalakupua o kahi safari ʻApelika a hiki ke nalowale. ʻO wai e hoʻopakele a hele mai i kahi safari ʻApelika e ʻike nei ʻaʻohe o lākou manawa e ʻike ai i nā mea ʻaihue a i nā ʻelepani paha? No laila e hāʻule wikiwiki a hoʻohālikelike ke kkohu. Ke kūleʻa kēlā ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻē aʻe (mākaʻikaʻi) e hōʻole, hoʻolei i ka poʻe hou aku i ka hana a i ke kālepa bushmeat, "wahi a Joubert.

ʻO Charl Badenhorst, ka Luna Hoʻokele no Sanctuary Retreats Botswana, e hoʻopuka nei i kēia ʻōlelo, "The Okavango Delta koe kekahi o nā wao nahele kele a maʻemaʻe ʻole o ka honua ... ke kūpaʻa o ka ʻōnaehana Okavango Delta. ”

Ke komo ikaika nei ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa ma Botswana i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi nohona ʻē aʻe no nā kaiāulu me ka nānā nui i nā koho hana e pili ana i ka ecotourism. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana ʻoihana nui ma Botswana ke kuleana no ka hoʻolimalima ʻana i nā limahana mai nā kaiāulu a kākoʻo pū kekahi i kēia mau kaiaulu i ke ʻano o ka ʻauhau, nā mōʻī, a me nā hoʻolimalima, a ʻo ka mākaʻikaʻi holoholona i mea nui i ka ulu o ka ʻāina i nā makahiki 30 i hala iho nei, e hana ana ma luna. 70,000 mau hana a hāʻawi i ka aneane 10% o kā Botswana GDP. Akā hōʻike ka hōʻike, "pinepine ʻole ka loaʻa kālā o ka mākaʻikaʻi holoholona ʻana i nā holoholona hihiu i nā kaiāulu hune kokoke a ma loko paha o nā wahi i pale ʻia."

I ka pane ʻana i kēia, ʻōlelo ʻo Badenhorst, "ʻO kekahi o nā ala e kōkua ai ʻo Sanctuary Retreats i ka hakakā ʻana, ʻo ia ka hana ʻana i ka ʻike hou aʻe ma o ke aʻo ʻana e pili ana i ka hopena o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka bushmeat i ka hiki i ka mākaʻikaʻi makaikai o kā lākou wahi ponoʻī. ʻOiai mākou e kūpaʻa i kēia, hāʻule ka kuleana a me nā kuleana i nā mea hoʻoholo i loko o nā kaiāulu, he mea nui e hōʻea i kēia poʻe. Ua laki mākou me kekahi o nā kaiāulu a mākou e hana pū nei, me kahi alakaʻi kaiāulu e ʻōlelo ana, 'ʻo kēlā mau holoholona kā mākou daimana', ʻo ia hoʻi he mea pono e mālama ʻia i mea e huki ai ka mākaʻikaʻi i ia wahi. ʻO kēia ʻano o ka ʻike e pono e koi ikaika a hoʻoulu ʻia hoʻi ma o ka launa pū ʻana me nā kaiāulu, nā mea kuleana, nā mākaʻikaʻi mākaʻikaʻi a me ke aupuni ma nā pae āpau no ke kālepa bushmeat e kāohi maikaʻi ʻia i ka holo lōʻihi.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia hōʻike e hōʻike nei i nā pae nui o ka laulima ʻana ma waena o ke aupuni, ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa, nā kaiāulu, a me nā ʻepekema, akā inā ʻaʻole waiho ʻia kēia ʻano ʻimi holoholona hiki ke loli me ka wikiwiki, a waiho i kekahi mau pōʻino i kona ala ʻana, me ka ʻoihana hoʻokipa. Ke noʻonoʻo nei i nā mea a lākou e hemo ai, pono e nīnau ʻia ka nīnau: Ke hana maoli nei paha nā mea ʻae huakaʻi e ʻike i nā hopena i ka pāʻani ʻana i kahi kuleana kūpono i ka hakakā ʻana i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻili?

by Janine Avery